Joined: Sep 2002
The term is Tafweed. |
Tafweed is to believe in the attributes of Allaah as they have come without accepting their meanings. Or in other words, believing in the wording only. This is a belief which blatantly opposes the belief of Ahlus Sunnah and the way of the Salaf.
Tafweed is worse than tashbeeh, ta'teel, and tamtheel as it leads the person into denial of the names and attributes of Allaah subhanahu in totality without him knowing (in some cases).
Although some of our famous scholars of the past had fallen into this error, it is none the less from the various misguided beliefs of the Asha'eerah, Maturi'diyyah, and the Rafidah to name a few.
It is also a common belief amongst Ikhwaanul Muslimeen as Hasan Al-Banna himself alleged in his writings that this was the way of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah.
Giving a very brief example, if we look at the attribute, Al-Baseer (the All-Seeing) then we find the mufawwid claiming belief in this attribute but because he cannot free himself of tashbeeh (likening Allaah to His creation) he falls into the sin of tafweed or believing in Al-Baseer as being a mere word, nothing more. To the mufawwid there is no difference between Al-Baseer and As-Samee' (the All-Hearing).
The mufawwid says "We believe in the attribute without a meaning or without saying how rather we leave both the MEANING and the HOW to Allaah".
Ahlus Sunnah on the other hand practice tafweed in KAYFIYYAH (Mannerism and the HOW) only and not in the meaning. We do not indulge in HOW Allaah did, does, or will do a thing nor do we seek to know what He - subhanahu wa ta'ala - looks like. Rather we believe in the names and attributes as they have come without resemblance, or distortion of the intended meaning. If Allaah says He has a hand then He has a hand which befits his majesty. What it looks like is none of our concern. All of Allaah's attributes are perfect attributes and we cannot comprehend how they are. Nor do we say that the hand in which Allaah refers to in the Book means "his power" nor do we say "we do not know the meaning and we leave its meaning to Allaah" or "the meaning is too deep for us to gather because we are a weak creation and Allaah is too deep for us" or any of the other crazy statements floating on the tongues of the Ash'aarees.
This is evident in the statement of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullaah) when asked about the Istiwaa (decending of Allaah to the last heaven), He said: "The istiwaa is not unknown and how is not understandable". So he mentions the Istiwaa is being something known, understood and how as being something unknown.
Imaam Ad-Dhahabee (rahimahullah) said commenting on Imaam Maaliks famous statement:
"This is the statement of Ahlus Sunnah without exception, that the manner of Istiwaa we cannot comprehend rather we are ignorant of it and that the Istiwaa is ma'loom (known) as He (Allaah) has mentioned in His Book and that it is done in a manner befitting Him. We do not go deep into it nor do we fake as if we have knowledge of it. We do not delve in to the affairs of it by disproving or proving it (the manner). Rather we remain silent and stop where the Salaf stopped. And we know that if there were an explanation for it then indeed the Sahabah and the Tabi'oon would have rushed to clarify it"
Many of the Mufawwidoon attempt to pin this evil on Sheikhul Islaam ibn Taymiyyah but he (rahimahullaah) CLEARLY states the opposite when he commented on the above statement of Imaam Maalik saying:
"It is such that the remainder of Imaams agree with the statement of Maalik in that we do not know the manner of His descension just as we do not know Him (what He looks like). However we do know the meaning in which the texts prove. So we know the meaning of Istiwaa and we do not know HOW (it takes place). We know the meaning of descension but we do not know how. We know the meaning of As-Sam' (The Hearing), Al-Basr (The Seeing), Al-Ilm, (the Knowledge, Al-Qudrah (The Ablility) but we do not know their manner. We know the meaning of Ar-Rahmah (the Mercy) and Al-Ghadab (The Anger), Ar'Ridaa (The Pleasure), Al-Farh (the Happiness), and Al-Dahak (the Laughter) but we do NOT know their manner" Al-Fatawa (vol:5 pg365)
The statements of the Salaf in this area are too many to bring for myself but each of them indicate and point to tafweed of Ahlus Sunnah being denial of the manner or HOW and not denial of the meaning AND the manner.
If any of the other students can post in this regard it would be helpful.
And Allaah knows best
Aboo Abdillaah Umar
أذا اشتد صيف الحزبيين , وشتاء القطبيين , وخريف السروريين , فاعلم أن الأمة بحاجة إلى ربيع السنة و الدين
This message was edited by alatharee on 12-29-02 @ 8:18 PM