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Posted By Topic: Combining & Shortening Prayers whilst being a Traveller

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Abu.Lubaynah
11-12-2010 @ 10:41 AM    Notify Admin about this post
Abu Lubaynah Abdul Ghanee ibn Michael Goodchild Al-Guyaanee (Birmingham, UK)
Member
Posts: 204
Joined: Sep 2008
          
As-Salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa baarakaatuh

May one of the students of knowledge please bring forth evidence & explanation of our scholars past & present of which our beloved Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi was-salem:


    1.After having the intention to travel, combine his prayers without shortening them before setting off on the journey.

    2.Combine without shortening after returning back to the place of residence.

    3.Combine & shorten after arriving at destination after concluding the  journey.

    4.Shortening prayers without combining at it's fixed time after concluding the journey



When a man knows his ownself, speech of the people is of no benefit to him!

dksadiq
11-23-2010 @ 1:15 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Damilola Sadiq ibn Owodunni (Lagos, Nigeria || Eastern Province, KSA)
Member
Posts: 338
Joined: Jul 2007
          
wa 'alaikumussalaam wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh akhee,

I hope this helps. It's all from the greatly beneficial site www.alifta.com May Allah reward all those involved.

Ruling on shortening Salah when returning from a travel

Fatwa no. 17597

Question:
If was traveling back home and I intended to combine Zhuhr (Noon) and 'Asr (Afternoon) prayers at the time of the latter on my arrival. Is it permissible for me to shorten the two Salahs (Prayers)?

Answer:
When a traveler reaches their town, it becomes impermissible for them to shorten the Salah (Prayer) for their state of traveling ends once they enter their town. The same applies if the time of Salah starts before a traveler reaches their town. This is because the ruling in question is based on the traveler's condition at the time they are to perform Salah not at the time when Salah is due.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'
Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez ibn Baz - Chairman
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan - Member
Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez Aal ash-Shaykh - Member
Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd - Member

[url=http://www.alifta.org/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=12646&PageNo=1&BookID=7]Source[/url]

==============================================================================================

[url=http://www.alifta.org/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=12597&PageNo=1&BookID=7]
Ruling on shortening and combining Salah for soldiers on their way home
[/url]
Fatwa no. 17597

Question:
All Praise is due to Allah Alone, and peace be upon the Last of the Prophets. To commence:
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaŭ has studied the submitted question to His Eminence, the General President by the General Manager of the Religious Affairs of the Armed forces which is referred to the Committee from the General Secretariat of the Council of Senior Scholars No.1474 on 1 Rabia Thany, 1413 A.H., in which the questioner asks about the following:

We had a question from those who work in Al-Salil base which reads as follows: They live in a school in Al-Dawasir Valley which is about 120 km away from their base headquarters. Their shift ends at 11: 30 A.M. and then they go home to offer Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer at one oŭclock. They ask about the ruling on shortening and combining Salah because the case is as mentioned. Should they offer Salah in congregation when they reach their residence and find that the people are performing Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer? Can they shorten and combine Salah if they missed the congregation and were tired from the travel? It is worth mentioning that the matter is being repeated daily when they go to work and come home? We hope that Your Eminence could give us a Fatwa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) in this regard. May Allah reward you.

Answer:
After the Committee had studied the question, it answered with the permissibility of shortening and combining Salah on their way before they reach their headquarters. If they do not perform Salah on their way, it is not permissible for them to shorten or combine Salah and they have to offer Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer in complete form when they reach their homes. If they arrive when their people have not yet performed Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer, they have to offer Salah with them. As for 'Asr (Afternoon) Prayer, if they do not combine it with Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer on their way, they must delay Salah to perform it with the people at its due time.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'
Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez ibn Baz - Chairman
Shaykh 'Abdur-Razzaq 'Afifi - Deputy Chairman
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan - Member
Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez Aal ash-Shaykh - Member

[url=http://www.alifta.org/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=12597&PageNo=1&BookID=7]Source[/url]

==============================================================================================

[url=http://www.alifta.org/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=12619&PageNo=1&BookID=7]
Ruling on shortening and combining Salah for soldiers on their way home
[/url]
Fatwa no. 17597

Question:
On my way back home from travel, the time of Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer was due when I was 20 Km away from my house. So, I stopped and offered Maghrib Prayer. Is it permissible for me to combine Maghrib and 'Isha' (Night) Prayers at the time of Maghrib in such a case? Note that I will reach my house before the time of 'Isha' Prayer is due, In shaŭa-Allah (if Allah wills). If this is not permissible, what is required of me regarding what I did?  

Answer:
It is permissible for a person who travels a distance more than 80 km to combine and shorten two Salahs during their journey at the time of the earlier or the later Salah according to what is most convenient for them until they reach their homeland. However, if the remaining distance before arrival is very short, it is better for them to offer the presently due Salah at its prescribed time and to offer the next Salah in full when they arrive at their homeland with the congregation in the Masjid (mosque). It is also permissible to offer 'Isha' Prayer with Maghrib Prayer at the time of the earlier one, as they are still on a journey.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'
Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez ibn Baz - Chairman
Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez Aal ash-Shaykh - Deputy Chairman
Shaykh 'Abdullah Ghudayyan - Member
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan - Member
Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd - Member

[url=http://www.alifta.org/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=12619&PageNo=1&BookID=7]Source[/url]

==============================================================================================

[url=http://www.alifta.org/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=12649&PageNo=1&BookID=7]
Combining and shortening Salah although returning home before the time of the later Salah becomes due
[/url]
Fatwa no. 20690

Question:
We live in Makkah Al-Mukarramah and work as teachers in a school located in Al-Layth governorate. We travel daily from Makkah to the school where we catch the Zhuhr Prayer in this governorate. We shorten and combine the Zhuhr and 'Asr Prayers. the school is 135 kilometers away from Makkah. We reach Makkah before the time for the 'Asr Prayer is due. Is our Salah valid? Please enlighten us, may Allah reward you!

Answer:
The Salah you offer is valid because you travel a distance over which it is permissible to shorten Prayers. Arriving to your residence before the time of 'Asr is due has nothing to do with the validity of offering it with Zhuhr. You avail yourselves of the prescribed concessions of traveling and perform your obligations. However, it is better to offer Zhuhr Prayer at its due time before traveling and postpone 'Asr Prayer to be offered in full in your country, if you are sure of catching it in congregation.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'
Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez ibn Baz - Chairman
Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez Aal ash-Shaykh - Deputy Chairman
Shaykh 'Abdullah Ghudayyan - Member
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan - Member
Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd - Member

[url=http://www.alifta.org/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=12649&PageNo=1&BookID=7]Source[/url]

zejd.peqin
11-23-2010 @ 5:12 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Zayd Abu Ubayd (Peqin,Albania)
Member
Posts: 795
Joined: Oct 2008
          
Related Topics:


The Bronx to Manhattan - Traveling?

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=6&Topic=4879

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Ruling on Combining the Asr Prayer with the Jumuah Prayer - Imaam Ibn Baaz

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=10&Topic=10503

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Fiqh behind combining prayers

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=10&Topic=5147&sortby=desc

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The distance by which a traveller may shorten his prayers

http://fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=239

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What is permissible during travels?

http://fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=240

dksadiq
11-23-2010 @ 9:05 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Damilola Sadiq ibn Owodunni (Lagos, Nigeria || Eastern Province, KSA)
Member
Posts: 338
Joined: Jul 2007
          
Answers to the first question:
==============================================================================================
Traveling at the time of Salah

The second question of Fatwa no. 17849

Question:
If my wife is with me, is it permissible for me to perform Salah (Prayer) at home or at my destination? Please advise me on this matter and may Allah keep and safeguard you.

Answer::
If the time for Salah (Prayer) begins before you start your journey, you should perform Salah with the congregation at the Masjid (mosque) and leave afterwards. But if the time for Salah starts after you have left and the Salah is one that is valid to combine with the following one, such as Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer with ŭAsr (Afternoon) Prayer or Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer with ŭIshaŭ (Night) Prayer, it is permissible for you to delay the current one and combine it with the next-in-time Salah. If the Salah cannot be combined with the following one, such as 'Asr, 'Isha', or Fajr (Dawn) Prayers, it is not permissible for you to delay it from its time.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, and his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'
Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez ibn Baz - Chairman
Shaykh 'Abdullah Ghudayyan - Member
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan - Member
Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez Aal ash-Shaykh - Member
Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd - Member

[url=http://www.alifta.org/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=12643&PageNo=1&BookID=7]Source[/url]

==============================================================================================

[url=http://www.alifta.org/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=12644&PageNo=1&BookID=7]
Time for the Zhuhr Prayer is due before the plane takes off
[/url]
Fatwa no. 20782

Question:
There are some people who travel on the Air Forces aircraft, some of whom live on the air base in Zhahran and others in Al-Khubar, Al-Thuqbah or Dammam. If the time for the Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer becomes due before the plane takes off, and they are waiting in the airport, some of them combine and shorten the Zhuhr and 'Asr (Afternoon) Prayers, others combine both Salah (Prayers) and do not shorten them, and a third group performs the Zhuhr Prayer only? What is the correct option in these circumstances? Please give us Fatwa (legal opinion by a qualified Muslim scholar) on this and may Allah reward you with the best!

Answer:
Those who live on the air bases should perform the Zhuhr Prayer in full, if its prescribed time becomes due before traveling; they should not combine the 'Asr Prayer with the Zhuhr Prayer, as they have not yet commenced their travel. Those who live in cites outside the bases, whose buildings are separated from the air bases, are permitted to combine and shorten the Zhuhr and 'Asr Prayers, if the time for Zhuhr Prayer arrives before traveling, because they will have commenced their travel by then.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, and his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'
Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez Aal ash-Shaykh - Chairman
Shaykh 'Abdullah Ghudayyan - Member
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan - Member
Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd - Member

[url=http://www.alifta.org/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=12644&PageNo=1&BookID=7]Source[/url]

dksadiq
05-01-2011 @ 7:24 AM    Notify Admin about this post
Damilola Sadiq ibn Owodunni (Lagos, Nigeria || Eastern Province, KSA)
Member
Posts: 338
Joined: Jul 2007
          
At this link, al-'Allaamah ash-Shaykh ibn Baaz رحمه الله explains his change of opinion regarding some rulings related to the traveler.
quote:
... Anyway, I would like to tell you that I now view it is more precautionary for a traveler, in case they intend to stay more than four days, to perform Salah in full and to observe Sawm ....


And here's yet another related link on SalafiTalk: [url=http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=10&Topic=7169]Combining+Shortening Salaah[/url]






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