Topic: Eid Prayer Obligatory for Women?

ummmusa88    -- 29-09-2008 @ 4:12 AM
  Asalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakaatuh,

I always read that the Eid Salat is obligatory upon everyone, including the women. This is based on the well known ahaadith in Bukhari about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam telling the women to come out to the Eid Salat. But I came to know today that there is apparently a difference of opinion about this and many mashaykh say that it is a Sunnah and not Fard upon the women.

Can anyone clarify this issue from statements of the 'ulama?

Moosaa    -- 29-09-2008 @ 5:50 PM
  wa 'alaykumus-salaamu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh.

Yes, the scholars differed over the meaning of the "order" of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) for the menstruating women to come out to the musallaa to witness the salaat.

Those who say that the women are required to attend say this is a strong proof, since the woman who is on her menses can not make the salaat, yet the rasool (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) ordered her to come out anyway.

Some of those who say that the women are exempted understood the "order" to be an "order" after a "hathr" (prohibition) which according to usool al-fiqh principles does not necessitate an obligation, like Allaah's "order" for the people making hajj to go hunting after they come out of ihraam.  The meaning is that "You were previously not allowed to hunt as a muhrim, now GO HUNTING, meaning its OK for you to hunt now if you want." (see al-Maa'idah 5:2)

So in this case their understanding is that women on their menses would not go to the musallaa normally, so they have been ordered to go, meaning its Ok for them to go near the musallaa to witness the salaat.

Others said that the reason behind the "order" was to encourage them to go out and get some blessings, so that its not waajib.  This angle is not entirely clear.

Others said that the "order" was in the beginning of Islaam, when the numbers were small, so the women were needed to show their support and increase the numbers.  This implies abrogation of an "order" and requires dating.  This angle is not acceptable, according to the conditions of accepting claims of abrogation.

It seems to me that the first position (obligation) is the strongest, safest, and closest to the evidence, even though it was not held by that many early scholars.

And Allaah knows best.

Refer to: Fat-hul-Baaree (2/470-471) for more details.

Moosaa ibn John Richardson

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