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Posted By Topic: Ijmaa' (consensus) of the sahaba is considered as proof

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abdulilah
06-12-2009 @ 7:39 AM    Notify Admin about this post
. Abdulilah Rabah Lahmami (Al Madeenah, S. Arabia)
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Posts: 327
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Sheikh Abdulaziz Bin Abdullah ibn Baz rahimahullaah says that Ijmaa' (consensus) of the sahaba is considered as proof just as sheikh al-Islam ibn Taymiyyah said at the end of his book al-Waasitiyyah and likewise sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-'Uthaimeen rahimahullaah said in his own explanation to his book Sharh ilm al-Usool tape no. 17/18 that ijmaa' of the companions is proof as it cannot be said that when they united they opposed the Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam becaus eAllaah protected their ijmaa' just as He protected the Qur'an and the Sunnah. Mashaallaah strong detailed  explanation from sheikh ibn 'Uthaimeen rahimahullaah where he mentioned the hadeeth of 'Irbaad ibn Saariyah "Upon you is to follow my sunnah and the sunnah of the rightly guided caliphs" Saheeh Sunan ibn Majah and others. This is from the highest forms of ijmaa' and likewise similar to it is the satement of the Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam "upon you is to follow Abu Bakr and 'Umar after me..." Before these great scholars Imam Shaf'ee rahimahllaah and others have spoken in detail concerning this and refuted the doubts of those who oppose the scholars in this.

Know o salafi, may Allaah have mercy on us and you, that the innovators do not like this as it goes against them for they do not follow the understanding of the companions and follow mere opinion opposed to the sahaba radiallaah 'anhum so hold onto the scholars for they explain these matters in detail and be ready with answering doubts such as "there is no ijmaa!"

Here is the answer from Sheikh Abdulaziz Bin Abdullah ibn Baz rahimahullaah:

‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎
(‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ : 8‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎: 427)
‎ : ‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ .
‎ : ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ : ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ : ‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ( ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ) ‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ .
‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ : ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ : ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ 115 ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ . ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ .

(‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ : 8‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎: 428)
‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎

قال تعالى:{إنا نحن نزلنا الذكر وإنا له لحافظون}
قال الشيخ السعدي - رحمه الله - في تفسيره (3/31): " فلا يحرف محرف معنى من معانيه( القرآن ) إلا وقيض  الله له من يبين الحق المبين وهذا من أعظم آيات الله ونعمه على عباده المؤمنين".

sajid_chauhan_81
09-11-2009 @ 7:43 PM    Notify Admin about this post
unspecified ساجد (Mumbai (India))
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Q: Is it possible that all the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet) were ignorant of an issue related to the Qur'an, or a word mentioned therein?

A: It is impossible that all the Sahabah were ignorant of an issue in the Qur'an related to Shari'ah or were wrong about it, as this contradicts the texts of the Qur'an and the Sunnah which indicate the infallibility of the Ummah in their Ijma' (consensus).

However, some of them may have been unaware of one of the rulings of the Qur'an or may have committed a mistake about it and told it to others. As for their Ijma' on an error, this is impossible.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta' consisting of Shaykhs Ibn Baz, al-Afify and ibn Qau'd.

sajid_chauhan_81
09-17-2009 @ 8:21 PM    Notify Admin about this post
unspecified ساجد (Mumbai (India))
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Joined: Jul 2005
          
Here are some of the proofs that the Scholars use to prove that Ijma' of the Ummah in general and Ijma' of the Sahabah in particular is a proof.

Allah says (interpretation of meaning), "And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Muhammad [sal-All‎hu 'alayhi wa sallam]) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers' way, We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell ‎ what an evil destination!" (Surah Nisa 4:115)

Imaam ibn Kathir rahimahullah mentioned in the tafseer of the part ("and follows other than the believers' way") refers to a type of conduct that is closely related to contradicting the Messenger . This contradiction could be in the form of contradicting a text (from the Qur'an or Sunnah) or contradicting what the Ummah of Muhammad has agreed on. The Ummah of Muhammad is immune from error when they all agree on something, a miracle that serves to increase their honor, due to the greatness of their Prophet. There are many authentic Hadiths on this subject. End quote.

Allamah al-Albani rahimahullah commented on the verse, "I have many times pointed out to our brothers the wisdom of our Lord's attaching in this aayah 'the following of a way other than that of the believers' to 'the opposing of the Messenger', what is the wisdom in that, since even if the aayah did not contain the part about following a way other than that of the believers, then the first part about opposing the Messenger (SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) would have been enough to earn the person the evil end mentioned. However, it is not possible that the second part has no relevance, and we seek Allaah's refuge from such a thing. Its wisdom is shown by Imaam Ash-Shaafi'ee's using it as a proof of Ijmaa' - meaning: 'He who takes a way other than that of the Companions'- who are unerring - and they and those who follow them are the Jamaa'ah whom the Messenger of Allaah (SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) declared to be the saved sect.

They are those whom it is not permissible to oppose - for one who wishes to be saved from Allaah's punishment on the Day of Resurrection. Therefore the Muslims have to be aware today, who are the Muslims mentioned in this aayah? And then, what is the wisdom in Allaah's intending the Salafus-Saalih and those who follow them? The answer has preceeded and is, in brief, that they are the Companions who were present when the revelation came down, and who took it direct from the mouth of the Messenger (SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam). They saw the Messenger (SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) living among them following the revealed rulings of the Qur'aan, many of whom were explained by his (SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) sayings. End quote.[1]

Allah Azza wa jal also says (interpretation of meaning), "And in whatsoever you differ, the decision thereof is with All‎h (He is the ruling Judge). (And say O Muhammad (peace be upon him) to these polytheists:) Such is All‎h, my Lord in Whom I put my trust, and to Him I turn (in all of my affairs and) in repentance." (Surah Ash-Shura 42:10)

Allamah as-Sa'adi rahimahullah commented on this, "This verse is an obvious evidence that the consensus of the Ummah on any thing is a valid proof that should be applied, because Allah [may He be Glorified] did not command us to return to His Book except when there is a difference regarding anything. Whatever the Ummah agreed upon should therefore be adopted because the entire Ummah cannot agree on an error or on something that contradicts the rulings of the Book of Allah or the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace be upon him)." [2]

The hadeeth that is used to prove Ijma is the saying of Rasoolullah (sallAllahu 'alayhi wa sallam) "My Ummah will not unite upon error." [Reported by Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhee, Ibn Majah, Haakim and others - Sahih)

Footnotes:
1. http://www.sahihmuslim.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=SLF02&articleID=SLF020002&pfriend=
2. http://www.qurancomplex.org/Magazine/default.asp?L=eng‎Menu=false&nAyaID=19

sajid_chauhan_81
10-13-2009 @ 3:15 AM    Notify Admin about this post
unspecified ساجد (Mumbai (India))
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Q: Is Ijma' (consensus of scholars) definitive or speculative evidence? Please point this out in detail, may Allah reward you!

A: The certain Ijma' is a definitive supporting evidence; it is one of the three fundamentals that is impermissible to oppose: the Book, Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) and Ijma'. The definitive Ijma` is the consensus of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) of the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) (may Allah be pleased with them), for after their era difference increased and spread among the Muslim Ummah (nation based on one creed), as Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allah be merciful with him) pointed out in his book Al-`Aqidah Al-Wasitiyyah and other scholars.

Of the evidences, Allah's Saying (may He be Exalted)in Surah (Qur'anic chapter) Al-Nisa':(Surah Al-Nisa', 4: 115) And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Muhammad peace be upon him) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers' way, We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell - what an evil destination!

May Allah help Muslims to understand His religion, hold fast to it and abandon whatever contradicts it. Verily, Allah is the All-Hearer, the Ever Near.

Ibn Baz fatwas

sajid_chauhan_81
11-20-2009 @ 5:07 PM    Notify Admin about this post
unspecified ساجد (Mumbai (India))
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Posts: 2031
Joined: Jul 2005
          
Check this out bi'ithnillah...

Sticking to The Understanding of the Companions

If sticking to the Understanding of the Companions is from the Fundamental Principles of the Sunnah then how much more important is it to stick to their Ijma'?!!!






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