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Posted By Topic: Thr Ruling on the One Who Reviles The Wives of the Prophet

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RBatts
20-10-2010 @ 7:05 AM    Notify Admin about this post
Abu Musa Raha ibn Donald Batts (Durham, NC)
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The One Who Speaks Ill Of the Wives of the Prophet(sallallahu alyhi wa sallam)
By The ŭAllaamah Shaykh Ahmad ibn Yahyaa an-Najmee
Taken From al-Fataawaa al-Jaliyyah 2/112 Question No. 61

Question: There is an individual at(my)job who is a Raafidhee .  Some of the workers informed me that he has explicitly accused the Mother of the Believers ŭAaŭishah(radiyallahu ŭanhaa)of fornication(and the refuge is with Allah). Knowing that he did not do that in public and there has not occurred between me and him a debate regarding the issue, is it permissible for me to classify him with Kufr(disbelief) by my saying: ŭYou are a Kaafir(disbeliever)because you hold this belief.ŭ, or is it a must that I sit with him and debate with him regarding the issue knowing that he openly displays(the qualities of) hypocrisy and lying; and is it permissible to sit with him inside or outside of work even when the issue does not arise? Please give us a verdict, may Allah reward you.
Response: I say, whoever explicitly accuses the Mother of the Believers ŭAaŭishah the daughter of as-Siddeeq(radiyallahu ŭanhaa), the one who Allah has vindicated from above the seven heavens and has sent down her vindication in verses which are recited until the Day of Judgment;  whoever does that then he has disbelieved with a Kufr that expels him from the religion, and he is bound to spend eternity in the fire. Because he has belied Allah ŭAzz  wa Jall in His informing of her vindication. Al-Qurtubee has mentioned that in his Tafseer from Maalik. Ibn Katheer, may Allah have mercy upon him, said in his Tafseer of the verse: ŭVerily those who accuse chaste women who never  even think of anything touching their chastity and are good believers, then they are cursed in this life and in the Hereafter, and for them will be a great torment. On the Day when their tongues, hands and legs will testify against them as to what they used to do.ŭ(an-Noor 24:23-24): He, may Allah have mercy upon him, said: ŭThis is a threat from Allah the Exalted to those who accuse chaste women who never think of anything touching their chastity and are believers, being all inclusive. Therefore, the Mothers of the Believers are even more entitled to enter into this than every other chaste woman. Especially she who was the reason for the revelation of this verse. That is ŭAaŭishah the daughter of as-Siddeeq. The scholars, may Allah have mercy upon them , are in total agreement that whoever reviles her and accuses her with that which he has accused her with after that which has been mentioned in the verse, then he is a Kaafir; because he rejects the Qurŭaan. Regarding the other Mothers of the Believers there are two hsayings(amongst the scholars). The most correct of them is that they are similar to her(in this ruling); and Allah knows best.ŭ
   And upon this, there is consensus that  whoever reviles ŭAaŭishah(radyallahu ŭanhaa)(accusing)her with fornication after Allah has vindicated her from it in His Book, then he is a Kaafir whose blood and wealth are permissible, and it is obligatory that he be killed.
   Shyakhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, may Allah have mercy upon him, said in his book, as-Saarim al-Maslool ŭAlaa Shaatimir-Rasool(sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) Pgs. 565-567: Chapter: Reviling the Wives of the Prophet: ŭal-Qaadee Aboo Yaŭlaa, may Allah have mercy upon him, said: ŭWhoever Wrongfully Accuses ŭAaŭishah of az-Zinaa after Allah has vindicated her from it has disbelieved with there being no difference of opinion concerning this.ŭ More than one of the scholars have reported the consensus  upon this and more than one of the Imaams has explicitly stated this ruling. It has been narrated from Maalik: ŭWhoever reviles Aboo Bakr is the be lashed and whoever reviles ŭAaŭishah, accusing her with that which Allah has vindicated her from then he is killed; for he has opposed the Qurŭaan: ŭAllah forbids you from it and warns you not to repeat it if you are indeed believers.ŭ(an-Noor 24:17)
   Aboo Bakr ibn Ziyaad an-Naysaabooree said:I heard al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad saying to Ismaaŭeel ibn Is-haaq: ŭal-Maŭmoom came with two men bound in chains. One of them had cursed Faatimah and the other had cursed ŭAaŭishah. So he commanded with the killing of the one who had cursed Faatimah hand he left the other. So Ismaŭeel said to him: ŭWhat is their ruling except that they both are to be killed? For  the one who has cursed ŭAaŭishah has rejected the Qurŭaan.  And upon this is the history of the people of Fiqh and knowledge from the Ahlul-Bayt and other than them. Aboo as-Saaŭib said: ŭOne day I was in the presence of al-Hasan ibn Zayd ad-Daaŭee in Tabaristaan. He used to wear woolen clothing and command the good and forbid the evil. He would set out every year with twenty-thousand Deenaars towards the City of Peace (al-Madeenah)and divide it amongst the children of the companions that were still alive. There was a man in his presence who mentioned ŭAaŭishah with a vile statement of al-Faahishah(accusing her of illegal sexual intercourse). So he said: ŭO young man; strike his neck!ŭ The ŭAlawiyoon(the Sheeŭah)said: ŭThis man is from our Sheeŭah(group, sect).ŭ He said: ŭThe Refuge of Allah is sought. This is a man who has reviled the Prophet(sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). Allah the Exalted has said: ŭBad women are for bad men and ban men are for bad women. Good women are for good men and good women are for good men. Such good people are innocent of every bad statement which they say; for them is forgiveness and a generous provision.ŭ(an-Noor 24: 26) So if ŭAaŭishah is evil then the Prophet(sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) is evil. So he(the man)is a Kaafir!ŭ He struck his neck while I was present.ŭ[Reported  by al-Laalikaaŭee] It has been narrated on the authority of Muhammad ibn Zayd, the brother of al-Hasan ibn Zayd that a man came upon upon him from ŭIraaq and he mentioned ŭAaŭishah with evil. So he went towards him with  a pole and beat his head and killed him. They(the Sheeŭah)said: ŭHe is from our Sheeŭah(sect, group)and from Banee al-Abaaŭ !!ŭ He said: ŭ This one is a two-horned goat and the two horned goat deserves to be killed!ŭŭ As for the one who reviles other than ŭAaŭishah from his wives(radiyallahu ŭanhunna)then there are two sayings:
1.)     That he is similar to the one who reviles other than them from the companions, based upon that which will come.
2.)     This is the most correct: That whoever accuses any one of the Mothers of the Believers with az-Zinaa then he is like the one who has accused ŭAaŭishah(radiyallahu ŭanhaa). The meaning of that has preceded on the authority of Ibn ŭAbbaas. Because that contains ignominy and disgrace against the Messenger of Allah(sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and harming him; greater harm than marrying them after his death. Clarification of that has preceded in what has past.
   As for sitting with him and treating him as a peer then this is not permissible. However, if you happen to come to a gathering and he is sitting therein then try not to be easygoing and delightful towards him and one may advise him with what he is able.
   The one who reviles ŭAaŭishah, the one whom Allah has vindicated and is the wife of the Prophet(sallallahu alayhi wa sallam); rather, she is the most beloved of his wives to him, then he is  a Kaafir and it is permissible to identify him with Kufr after an-Naseehah has preceded; and with Allah is the Tawfeeq.

Translated by: Raha ŭAzeezudeen Batts  







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