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Posted By Topic: "Everything will perish save His Face"

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ummmusa88
10-10-2009 @ 5:36 AM    Notify Admin about this post
Umm Musa bint Muhammad (New York)
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Asalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I was looking at this ayah from the Quran:

Everything will perish save His Face - (28:88)

I couldn't find an elaborate tafseer on this ayah. Is this referring to the
Day of Judgment? If so, does it include the destruction of everything besides
the Earth as well?

Or does this ayah only serve to affirm the attribute of eternity to Allah
'azza wa jal and that He is the one who is al Hayy?

jazakumAllahu khayraa

Ozan.ibn.Bedir
11-12-2009 @ 1:54 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Abu 'Abdillaah Ozan ibn Bedir ( U.K.)
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كُلُّ شَيْءٍ هَالِكٌ إِلَّا وَجْهَه


The meaning being: "Everything will perish save His Face".


This is part of the last ayah of Suratul-Qasas (28:88).

Ibn Katheer (Rahimahullaah) comments on this in his tafseer with the following:

Here Allaah is telling us that He is Eternal, Ever Lasting, Ever Living, Self-Sustaining, Who, although His creation dies, He will never die, as He says:


كُلُّ مَنْ عَلَيْهَا فَانٍ وَيَبْقَى وَجْهُ رَبِّكَ ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ

The meaning being:
"Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish. And The Face of your Lord Full of Majesty and Honour will remain forever".
Suratur-Rahmaan (55:26-27)



Allaah The Almighty used the word 'Face' to refer to Himself, as He says here (28:88):

"Everything will perish save His Face" meaning, everything except Him The Almighty.

It was reported in the Sahih on the authority of Abu Hurayrah Radi Allaahu 'anhu who said, "The Messenger of Allah Sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:


The truest word of a poet was the saying of Labeed - "Indeed everything except Allaah is false".

Bukhaari & Muslim.

And Mujaahid and Ath-Thawree said regarding this:

كُلُّ شَيْءٍ هَالِكٌ إِلَّا وَجْهَهُ

The meaning being: "Everything will perish save His Face"


"Everything (will perish) except for that which is (done) seeking His Face (Subhaanahu)", and this explanation does not oppose the first one, rather it informs us that every action is null and void except for that which is done seeking The Face of Allaah The Mighty and Majestic from those actions that are Righteous and in accordance with the Sharee'ah. And the first explanation necessitates that every single being will perish and be short-lived, except for Allaah The Almighty, for indeed HE is The First before everything (i.e. nothing is before Him) and the Last (nothing is after Him).
End of Ibn Katheer's words.

Wa Billaahit Tawfeeq

Ozan ibn Bedir




Moosaa
01-29-2010 @ 5:14 AM    Notify Admin about this post
Abul-'Abbaas Moosaa ibn John Richardson (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)
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[wa 'alaykis-Salaam wa rahmatullaah - Umm Musa]

Jazaak Allaahu khayran, Ozan.

There is an important difference to be understood here...

Ahlus-Sunnah say here that the reference to the Face here is a reference to Allaah Himself, and not His Face alone.

The Ashaa'irah say the same thing, and they might say, "Aaah!  So you make ta'weel (explaining something based on other than its apparent meaning) just like us in some places!"

The difference here is that Ibn Katheer was a salafee muthbit affirmer of Allaah's Attributes, and he affirmed Allaah's Face (not like you - you say Allaah has no Face! SUBHAAN ALLAAH) while acknowledging that this verse specifically was not referring to His Face alone, due to the context.  The very context necessitates that we understand the "Face" in the verse to refer to Allaah Himself, since the other understanding would be utter falsehood: that Allaah's Hand would perish, His Honor, His Knowledge... all the Attributes He has informed us of!

So this is not even ta'weel anyway, since ta'weel is a departure from the apparent meaning of the text.  How could the apparent meaning of the text be falsehood - that all of Allaah's Attributes would perish except his Face?  This could NEVER be the thaahir (apparent meaning) of this text, for us to need to make ta'weel.

And Allaah knows best.

Moosaa ibn John Richardson

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sajid_chauhan_81
01-29-2010 @ 8:19 AM    Notify Admin about this post
unspecified ساجد (Mumbai (India))
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Posts: 2031
Joined: Jul 2005
          
In the post of Brother Ozan above, a hadeeth from Sahihain is translated as
quote:
The truest word of a poet was the saying of Labeed - "Indeed everything except Allaah is false".
In Sahih Muslim it is translated as
quote:
The truest word spoken by an Arab (pre-Islamic) in poetry is this verse of Labid: "Behold! apart from Allaah everything is vain."
And in [url=http://sahihalbukhari.com/sps/sbk/]Sahih Bukhari[/url] it is translated as
quote:
"The most true words said by a poet was the words of Labid." He said, Verily, Everything except Allah is perishable...
The first 2 translations above can be misunderstood to mean Wahdatul Wujood. The last translation (from Sahih al-Bukhari) is the one that was checked by [url=http://salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=19&Topic=9864]Shaykh Taqiuddin al-Hilali[/url] and gives the correct explanation of the hadeeth. It is important that we understand the ahadeeth and the ayaat upon the understanding of the Salaf. Please refer [url=http://salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=9&Topic=9711]'Stick to The Understanding of the Companions'[/url]. Further, plz. click [url=http://hadith.al-islam.com/Display/Display.asp?Doc=0&Rec=5760]here[/url] to read the explanation of this hadeeth from Fath al Baari.

والله أعلم






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