Joined: Sep 2002
Sh. Saalih al-Fawzaan said: |
'Aqeedah is 'tawqeefiyyah', meaning that it is only established through evidence from the shari'ah. There is no room in it for opinions or conjecture. Thus, its sources are restricted to that which has been reported in the Book and the Sunnah, since no one is more knowledgeable than Allaah about the obligations due to Him and what His is free from and after Allaah, there is no one more knowledgeable about Him than the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam). Thus the manhaj of the Salaf us-Saalih and those who followed them in learning the 'aqeedah was restricted to the Book and Sunnah.
So they believed and acted upon whatever was proved by the Book and the Sunnah regarding the rights of Allaah. They rejected and negated whatever was not proved in the Book of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, and the Sunnah of His Messenger (sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam). Due to this, differences did not arise amongst them in 'aqeedah, rather their 'aqeedah was one, and their Jamaa'ah was one. This is because Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, guarantees whoever clings to His Book and the Sunnah of His Messenger, with a unified position, correctness in 'aqeedah and a single manhaj. He, the Most High, said:
"And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allaah (ie. this Qur'aan)." [aal-'Imraan (3):103]
"Then if there comes to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows My Guidance shall neither go astray, nor fall into distress and misery." [Taa Haa (20):123]
Thus they were termed 'the Saved Sect' because the Prophet testified safty (from the Fire) for them when he mentioned the splitting of the ummah into sventy three sects, all of them in the Fire except one. When he was asked about this one sect, he said: "That which I and my Companions are upon today." [Reported by at-Tirmidhee, al-Laalikaa'ee and others]
So that which he mentioned has occurred since some people have built their 'aqeedah upon other than the Book and the Sunah, such as rhetoric and the principles of logic inherited from Greek philosophy. They fell into deviation and splitting in 'aqeedah which resulted in differing positions, splitting the Jamaa'ah and destruction of the structure of the Islamic society.
source: pg. 3, http://www.spubs.com/sps/downloads/pdf/TAW010011.pdf
aboo husaam shaheed ibn george williams
wichita, ks usa