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yasin3683
03-10-2011 @ 6:50 AM    Notify Admin about this post
ibn Ahmad Maher ibn Ahmad (U.S.A.)
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Posts: 950
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Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu 'ala rasulullaah
Amma ba'd

The Virtue of 'Laa ilaaha illallaah', Extracted From the Works of Imaam Ibn Maajah and Imaam at-Tirmidhee

Imaam Ibn Maajah (rahimahullaah) reported in his Sunan:

The Book of Manners: Chapter (54): The Virtue of 'Laa ilaaha illallaah' (no. 3794):

quote:
Aboo Bakr narrated to us, saying: al-Husayn ibn 'Alee narrated to us: from Hamzah az-Zayyaat: from Aboo Ishaaq: from al-Agharr, Aboo Muslim: that he bore witness that Aboo Hurairah and Aboo Sa'eed bore witness: that Allaah's Messenger (salallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said:

quote:
When the servant says, 'Laa ilaaha illallaah, wallaahu akbar' (None has the right to worshipped except Allaah, and Allaah is greater), (he said:) Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic - says: My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped but Me, and I am greater (than everything.)  

And when the servant says: 'Laa ilaaha illaallaah, wahdah' (None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone), He says: My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped but Me, alone.  

And when he says: 'Laa ilaaha illallaah, Laa shareeka lah' (None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, He has no partner), He says: My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped but Me, and I have no partner.  

And when he says: 'Laa ilaah illallaah, lahul-Mulku wa lahul hamd' (None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah. Sovereighty is His, and all praise is for Him), He says: My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped except Me. Sovereighty is Mine, and all praise is for Me.  

And when he says: 'Laa ilaaha illallaah, wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah' (None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, and there is no movement and no ability except with Allaah's aid) then He says: My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped except Me, and there is no movement and no ability except with My aid.

Aboo Ishaaq said: Then al-Agharr said something which I did not understand. He said: So I said to Aboo Ja'far: 'What did he say?' He said:
quote:
Whoever is granted it at his death will not be touched by the Fire.
Shaikh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) said: 'Saheeh', [as-Saheehah (no. 1390)]
    

Imaam at-Tirmidhee (rahimahullaah) reported it in his Sunan: The Book of Supplications:

Chapter (37): What should the servant say when he becomes ill (no. 3430), and his wording contains the phrases:  

quote:
quote:
Laa ilaaha illallaah, wallaahu akbar

Laa ilaaha illallaah, wahdah

Laa ilaaha illallaah, wahdahu laa shareeka lah

Laa ilaaha illallaah, lahul-Mulku wa lahul-hamd

Laa ilaaha illallaah, wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah
  

[and it ends:]

...And he used to say: Whoever says it during his illness and then dies, then the Fire shall not taste him.
  
[Shaikh al-Albaanee said: 'Saheeh'].

And the hadeeth occurs in Riyaadus-Saaliheen of Imaam an-Nawawee (no. 914).
  

Translated by: Dawood Burbank


Subhanak Allaahuma wa bihamdika ash-hadu anlaa illaaha illa anta astaghfiruka wa atubu ilayk  

If I said anything correct, then it is from Allaah (subhanahu wa taa'ala), and if I erred, then that is from me and shaytan.  

yasin3683
03-22-2011 @ 11:58 PM    Notify Admin about this post
ibn Ahmad Maher ibn Ahmad (U.S.A.)
Member
Posts: 950
Joined: Nov 2006
          
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu 'ala rasulullaah
Amma ba'd

Shaikh Saalih Aali Shaikh: Tawheed is Easy and there is Nothing More Important than having Knowledge of Tawheed

Abu Uwais (rahimahullaah) relayed from the work of Shaikh Saalih Aali Shaikh (hafidhahullaah) some tremendous benefits regarding The Virtues of Tawheed.

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (radiallaahu 'anhu) narrated: Allaah's Messenger (salallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said: Moosa (Moses) said, 'Oh, my Lord. Teach me an invocation/remembrance with which I should remember and invoke you.' Allaah Almighty said: 'Say: Laa ilaaha il Allaah.' Musa said, 'Oh my Lord, all your slaves say this invocation.' Allaah Almighty replied: 'Oh Musa, if the seven heavens and all they hold - other than Me - and the seven earths; if all these were weighed against this word of Laa ilaaha il Allaah, the latter would outweigh the former. [Abu Uwais said he used to think this hadeeth was weak, but Shaikh Saalih Aali Shaikh said Ibn Hibban recorded it in his saheeh, Al-Haakim and An-Nasa`i also recorded it. Ibn Hajar (ameer ul-mu`mineen of hadeeth in his time) declared it 'Saheeh.' It has many other routes, and the hadeeth becomes 'hasan,' or 'saheeh.']

quote:
In explaining the benefits of this hadeeth of Moosa ('alaihi salaam), Shaikh Saalih Aali Shaikh said that just as Allaah - from His Ruboobiyah (Lordship) - has made available to all His slaves the necessary provision to sustain themselves (water, dates, fruits, vegetables, grains, rice, etc... depending on where they live), likewise Allaah has also made available to all His slaves this easy, great kalima 'Laa illaaha illa Allaah.' It's not even specific to His Prophets, or Messengers, or even 'Ulul-'Azam among the Messengers. It's for all of creation, any of the creation who wants success on the Day of Judgement, it's available for him or her. It's the easiest of things.
  

Another benefit of this hadeeth is that even a Messenger such as Moosa ('alaihi salaam) had to be reminded of the virtue of Tawheed. This shows the foolishness of those today who say, "I already learned Tawheed. I know it. I don't have to go over this again."  

Tawheed is easy and there is nothing more important than having knowledge of Tawheed. Because of this, you teach the small child Tawheed. This is the greatest thing you can do for that child. There is nothing greater than to teach that child Tawheed. And neglecting it is the greatest deficiency.

In at-Tirmidhi, Nisa'ee and in Musnad on the authoritiy of 'Abdullaah bin 'Amr bin al-'Aas (radiallaahu 'anhu), who said I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) saying:
quote:
Indeed Allaah will single out a man from my Ummah in front of all the people on the Day of Judgement. Ninety-nine scrolls will be unrolled for him; every scroll will stretch as far as the eye can see. Then Allaah will say: 'Do you deny anything of this? Did the Angels recording your deeds oppress you?' So the man will say, 'No, my Lord.' Allaah will say: 'Do you have an excuse?' The man will say, 'No, my Lord.' Allaah will say: 'Yes, indeed, We have a good deed for you and indeed, there will be no oppression upon you today.' Then a card will be brought forth and in it will be 'I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is his slave and his Messenger.' Then Allaah will say: 'Bring your bad deeds.' The man will say, 'What is this card compared with these scrolls?' Allaah will say: 'Indeed you will not be oppressed.'
  
The Prophet continued: The scrolls will be put on one side of the scales and the card will be put on the other side, the scrolls will be light and the card will be heavy, there can be nothing more heavy than the name of Allaah.


All the sins went flying in the air because it was compared to the greatness of this Tawheed.

This hadeeth of the Bataqah (the card) is particular to this individual. It's not for everyone - how can it be when some Muslims will enter the fire temporarily. It is specific to this individual because of his strong Tawheed, love of Tawheed, love of the people of Tawheed, and hatred of Shirk and its people. The Tawheed in his heart was great, and his love of Allaah (was great), love of the Messenger (salallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) (was great), his Ikhlaas to Allaah (was great), and he believed in (Tawheed) al-Ululoohiya, Ruboobiyah, and Names and Attributes. This made this individual distinguished.

And Tawheed increases when you talk about it, when it is taught, when one is reminded, when one goes over the tafseer of the ayat explaining it, in the hadeeth. What happens? The belief in it and the knowledge of it increases the more (you go over) the subject. The more (you go over) the subject of Tawheed, the more of a ziyadah (increase) in knowledge. Just as it can be Yunsa (forgotten) with the absence of learning it and teaching it.

[It's not clear if the following statement was the Shaikh's or Abu Uwais':] And da'wah is another way for you to remember Tawheed. Da'wah is the best way to remember Tawheed.  

From the virtues of Tawheed:  

1- Wipes away sins, via Tawheed

2- Scale of good deeds can outweigh the scale of bad deeds

3- Prevents one from Khulood (remaining in the fire forever) - and refuge in Allaah is sought.

There are two types of forbiddance. Some of the text referring to forbiddance of hellfire or Paradise is a temporary forbiddance and some of it is forever. So the Muwaahid (the one upon Tawheed) who break family ties, for example, is temporarily forbidden from Paradise. Al-Muwaahid is forbidden from staying in the fire forever. And the one who dies upon Kufr is forever forbidden from Paradise.  

Source: a Masjid Rahmah tape The Virtues of Tawheed, Part 2


Subhanak Allaahuma wa bihamdika ash-hadu anlaa illaaha illa anta astaghfiruka wa atubu ilayk  

If I said anything correct, then it is from Allaah (subhanahu wa taa'ala), and if I erred, then that is from me and shaytan.  

Moosaa
03-25-2011 @ 12:05 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Abul-'Abbaas Moosaa ibn John Richardson (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)
Member
Posts: 1280
Joined: Sep 2002
          
In the Name of Allaah...

quote:
Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (radiallaahu 'anhu) narrated: Allaah's Messenger (salallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said: Moosa (Moses) said, 'Oh, my Lord. Teach me an invocation/remembrance... [Abu Uwais said he used to think this hadeeth was weak, but Shaikh Saalih Aali Shaikh said Ibn Hibban recorded it in his saheeh, Al-Haakim and An-Nasa`i also recorded it. Ibn Hajar (ameer ul-mu`mineen of hadeeth in his time) declared it 'Saheeh.' It has many other routes, and the hadeeth becomes 'hasan,' or 'saheeh.']


This hadeeth is dha'eef (weak).

It was collected by:

An-Nasaa'ee in 'Amal al-Yowmi wal-Laylah (#840, #1149 in my printing, or: #834, 1141)

Aboo Ya'laa in his Musnad (#1389 in my printing, or: #1393)

Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh (#6218, 14/102)

At-Tabaraanee in his book ad-Du'aa' (#1480, 1481)

Al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak (1/528) and he called it saheeh, and ath-Thahabee did not respond (in at-Talkhees)

Al-Bayhaqee in al-Asmaa' was-Sifaat (#185, 1/251) by way of al-Haakim

Aboo Nu'aym in Hilyat al-Owliyaa' (8/327-328)

Al-Baghawee in Sharh as-Sunnah (5/54-55)

All of them with the same chain: Dar-raaj Abus-Samh narrating from Abul-Haytham, narrating from Aboo Sa'eed.

This chain is weak, according to the scholars of hadeeth, since Darraaj himself was differed over, however the critics specifically identified his narrations from Abul-Haytham as being weak.  This is a point of specific criticism that applies to this hadeeth specifically, and some scholars may have overlooked it, and this is a common mistake in hadeeth criticism that even the greatest scholars make from time to time.

quote:
...Ibn Hibban recorded it in his saheeh...

This is correct, however Ibn Hibbaan is considered overly lenient in his authentication, and this is a clear case of it.

quote:
...Al-Haakim and An-Nasa`i also recorded it...

This is also correct, while an-Nasaa'ee collecting it does not indicate anything about its authenticity, al-Haakim collected it in his Mustadrak and said it is saheeh.  Al-Haakim is also in the category of overly lenient authenticators of hadeeth, and this is a clear case of it.

quote:
...Ibn Hajar (ameer ul-mu`mineen of hadeeth in his time) declared it 'Saheeh.'...

This is also correct.  He said in Fat-hul-Baaree (11/208), "And An-Nasaa'ee collected a hadeeth with a saheeh chain from the report of Aboo Sa'eed..."

However, this can be identified as an error from this great scholar, may Allaah have Mercy on him.  How is that?  He held that Dar-raaj was acceptable as a narrator (sadooq), however he clearly said in at-Taqreeb: "There is weakness in his narration from Abul-Haytham (specifically)."  We understand from this that Ibn Hajr considered Dar-raaj's hadeeth normally to be hasan, but if he narrates from Abul-Haytham specifically (as in this hadeeth), he considered it weak.  And there is no indication in his words that he was considering other chains to strengthen it, since he ruled directly on the chain, saying, "with a saheeh chain".

This is an understandable oversight from any great scholar.  However, once we are able to recognize it it as a mistake, we are not allowed to cling to it, as clinging to the (known) mistakes of the scholars will only lead us to falsehood.

quote:
...It has many other routes, and the hadeeth becomes 'hasan,' or 'saheeh.'

I believe this to be a mistake, as the claim is unproven.  None of the checkers of the source books mentioned above even hinted to the presence of another chain for this hadeeth.  I have checked multiple printings of some of those source books, served by known scholars and specialized researchers in hadeeth, and not one of them mentioned a single reference or hint that there is another chain for the hadeeth.

Shaykh Muqbil al-Waadi'ee checked the chains of al-Mustadrak, and he rejected the authentication of al-Haakim for this hadeeth.  See: Tatab-bu' al-Owhaam (1/718).

Shaykh Al-Albaanee checked Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan, and he called the hadeeth weak.  See: at-Ta'leeqaat al-Hisaan (#6185, 9/54-55).

Other qualified researchers who checked Aboo Ya'laa's Musnad, at-Tabaraanee's ad-Du'aa', Ibn Hibbaan's Saheeh, and al-Bayhaqee's al-Asmaa' was-Sifaat, all of them considered the hadeeth weak, listing many sources for the hadeeth, all of them with the same chain, and not one of them could bring a single chain from other than Darraaj!  Nor could Al-Haythamee in Majma' az-Zawaa'id (10/82), who also mentioned the weakness of the chain.

This should clear any doubt regarding the weakness of the hadeeth.  And if there is another chain for this hadeeth, the only thing left to do is cite its source.  Until it is produced, we are unable to accept the authentication of Ibn Hajr, since it has been identified as a mistake.  And the idea that the only authentication of the hadeeth from the early critics comes from mutasaahileen (overly lenient authenticators of hadeeth), like Ibn Hibbaan and al-Haakim, further indicates that authenticating this hadeeth is a mistake.

And Allaah knows best.

Moosaa
ibn John
Richardson


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yasin3683
03-26-2011 @ 2:51 AM    Notify Admin about this post
ibn Ahmad Maher ibn Ahmad (U.S.A.)
Member
Posts: 950
Joined: Nov 2006
          
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu 'ala rasulullaah
Amma ba'd

Jazak Allaahu khairun, ya akhee Moosa, for that clarification. Baarak Allaahu feek.


Subhanak Allaahuma wa bihamdika ash-hadu anlaa illaaha illa anta astaghfiruka wa atubu ilayk  

If I said anything correct, then it is from Allaah (subhanahu wa taa'ala), and if I erred, then that is from me and shaytan.  






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