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mu'nis
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As-Salaamu 'Alekum:

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By the Grace of Allaah we have started the month of Dhul-Hijjah (the month of Hajj or Pilgrimage), in which Allaah has marked out, for both the pilgrims and the non-pilgrims, some very blessed days. So we shall mention here some of the virtues and rewardful acts that are connected to these blessed days.

DOING GOOD DEEDS IN GENERAL:

The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are the best and most virtuous days of the year. They are the days in which Allaah the Mighty and Majestic - most loves the doing of good deeds. About this the Prophet (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) said, ıThe best days in the world are the ten days.ı [1]

Imaam Ibnul-Qayyim (d.751H) - rahimahullaah ı said, ıIndeed, its days are the most excellent of all the days with Allaah. And it has been confirmed in Saheehul-Bukhaaree (2/382), from Ibn ıAbbaas (radiyallaahu ıanhumaa) who said, that Allaahıs Messenger (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) said, ıThere ore no days during which good deeds are more beloved to Allaah than these (ten) days.ı He was then asked, ıNot even jihaad in the path of Allaah?ı So he replied, ıNot even jihaad in the path of Allaah, except for a person who goes out with his self and his wealth, and comes back with nothing.ı And it is these ten days that Allaah has taken an oath by in His Book, by His saying, ıBy the Dawn and by the Ten Nights.ı [Sooratul-Fajr 89:1-2]

This is why it is recommended to increase in making takbeer (saying Allaahu akbar), tahleel (saying Laa ilaaha illallaah) and tamheed (saying Alhamdulillaah) during these days ...ı[2]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) said, ıThere are no days that are greater with Allaah, and in which good deeds are more beloved to Him, than these ten days. So increase in making tasbeeh (saying Subhaanallaah), tamheed, tahleel and takbeer, during them.ı[3]

FASTING THE DAY OF ıARAFAH:

The ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah is the day of ıArafah, since it is on this day that the pilgrims gather at the mountain plain of ıArafah, praying and supplicating to their Lord. It is mustahabb (highly recommended) for those who are not pilgrims to fast on this day, since the Prophet (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) was asked about fasting on the day of ıArafah, so he said, ıIt expiates the sins of the past year and the coming year.ı [4] Likewise, the Prophet (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) said, ıThere is no day on which Allaah frees people from the Fire more so than on the day of ıArafah. He comes close to those (people standing on ıArafah), and then He revels before His Angels saying, ıWhat are these people seeking.ı [5]

Imaam at-Tirmidhee (d.275H) - rahimahullaah ı said, ıThe People of Knowledge consider it recommended to fast on the day of ıArafah, except for those at ıArafah.ı [6]

SLAUGHTERING ON THE DAY OF AN-NAHR AND ıEEDUL-ADHAA OR THE FOLLOWING THREE DAYS:

The tenth day of Dhul-Hiijah is known as the day of an-Nahr (slaughtering), since it marks the ending of the major rites of Hajj (Pilgrimage), and commemorates the bounty and mercy of Allaah - the Most High - in that He gave His beloved Prophet Ibraaheem - ıalayhis-salaam - a ram to sacrifice in place of his firstborn son Ismaaıeel - ıalayhis-salaam. And out of the ten best days of the year, it is the day of an-Nahr which is the most excellent day of the year with Allaah.

Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) - rahimahullaah ı said, ıThe most excellent day of the week is the day of Friday, by the agreement of the Scholars. And the most excellent day of the year is the day of an-Nahr. And some of them said that it is the day of ıArafah. However, the first opinion is the correct one, since it is related in the Sunan collections that the Prophet (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) said, ıThe most excellent days with Allaah is the day of an-Nahr, then the day of al-Qarr (the day that the Muslims reside in Minaa).ı [7]ı [8]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) said, ıThe greatest day of the Hajj (Pilgrimage) is the Day of an-Nahr (Slaughtering).ı [9]

The day of an-Nahr is also known as ıEedul-Adhaa (the Festivity of Sacrifice) and is one of the two major festivals that Allaah has granted to this Ummah. Anas (radiyallaahu ıanhu) said, ıThe Prophet (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) came to al-Madeenah and the people of al-Madeenah had - since the times of jaahiliyyah (Pre-lslaamic Ignorance) - two days which they marked out for play and amusement. So the Prophet (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) said, ıI came to you, and you had two days of play and amusement in the times of jaahiliyyah. But Allaah has replaced them with something better for you: The day of al-Adhaa (sacrificing) and the day of al-Fitr (ending the Fast).ı [10]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) also said, ıThe day of al-Fitr, and the day of an-Nahr, and the days of at-Tashreeq (the three days after an-Nahr) are our days of ıEed (festivity); and they are days of eating and drinking.ı [11]

ıEedul-Adhaa, is a day in which the Muslims slaughter a camel, cow, sheep or goat, in commemoration of the sacrifice of Ibraaheem - ıalayis-salaam. And this sacrifice is an obligation upon all those who have the means to do so - according to the most correct opinion of the Scholars. [12] The basis of this is the Prophetıs (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) saying, ıOne who has the ability to sacrifice, but chooses not to do so, should not approach our place of (ıEed) Prayer.ı [13] And his (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) saying, ıWhosoever sacrificed before the Prayer, then let him do so again. But whosoever has not sacrificed, then let him sacrifice.ı [14] So this order refers to those who have the ability to do so - and Allaah knows best.

As regards those who intends to sacrifice - normally the head of the household - then they are prohibited from cutting their hair or nails, starting from the first day of Dhul-Hijjah up until after the sacrifice. Allaahıs Messenger (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) said, ıWhen the ten days start, and one of you intends to sacrifice, then let him not cut his hair or his nails.ı [15]

GLORIFYING ALLAAH WITH THE TAKBEER:

From the day of ıArafah (the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah), up until the ıAsr Prayer on the thirteen day, are days in which the takbeeraat (saying Allaahu Akbar) should be said. Imaam al-Khattaabee (d.456H) - rahimahullaah ı said, ıThe wisdom behind saying the takbeeraat in these days is that in the times of jaahiliyyah (pre-lslaamic ignorance), they used to slaughter for their tawaagheet (false objects of worship). So the takbeeraat were prescribed in order to indicate that the act of slaughtering is directed to Allaah alone, and by mentioning only His - the Mighty and Majestic - Name.ı [16]

Shaykhul-lslaam Ibn Taymiyyah - rahimahullaah ı said, ıAll praise be to Allaah. The most correct saying concerning the takbeer - that which the majority of the Salaf (Pious Predecessors), and the Scholars from the Companions and Imaams were upon - is to begin making the takbeer from Fajr (dawn) on the day of ıArafah, up until the last day of at-Tashreeq (the thirteenth of Dhul-Hijjah), after every Prayer.ı [17]

Ibn Abee Shaybah relates, ıThat ıAlee (radiyallaahu ıanhu) used to make the takbeer beginning after the Fajr Prayer on the day of ıArafah, up until after the ıAsr Prayer on the last day of at-Tashreeq.ı [18]

As regards the actual wording of the takbeeraat, then nothing authentic has been related from the Prophet (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam). However, certain wordings have been authentically related from a group of Companions. From them: Ibn Masıood (radiyallaahu ıanhu) would say, ıAllaah is great, Allaah is great. None has the right to be worshipped except Him. And Allaah is great, Allaah is great. And to Him belongs all praise. [Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Laa ilaahaa illallaah, wallaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar wa lillaahil-hamd.]ı [19]

Ibn ıAbbaas (radiyallaahu ıanhu) said, ıAllaah is great, Allaah is great, Allaah is great, and to Allaah belongs all praise. Allaah is greater and Sublime. Allaah is greater to what He has guided us to. [Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, wa lillaahil-hamd. Allaahu akbar wa ajalla. Allaahu akbar ıalaa maa hadaanaa.]ı [20]

Unfortunately, many Muslims have neglected the takbeer established from our Salaf (Pious Predecessors) and have instead resorted to additions which have no basis at all.

Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr (d.856H) - rahimahullaah ı said, ıIndeed, additions have been invented upon this day, which have no basis at all.ı [21]

And may Allaah have mercy upon the one who said, ıEvery good is in following the Salaf; And every evil is in the innovations of the late-comers.ı

And all praise is for Allaah, Lord of the worlds. And may Allaah extol and send the choicest blessings of peace upon our Leader, Muhammad, and upon his Family, his Companions, and all those who follow them.

Footnotes:

[1] Saheeh: Related by al-Bazzaar (1/234). It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Saheehul-Jaamiı (no. 1133).

[2] Refer to Zaadul-Maıaad (1/56).

[3] Saheeh: Related by at-Tabaraanee in al-Kabeer (3/110/1) It was authenticated by al-Mundharee in at-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb (2/24).

[4] Related by Muslim (no. 1162), from Aboo Qataadah (radiyallaahu ıanhu).

[5] Related by Muslim (no. 1348), from ıAaıishah (radiyallaahu ıanhaa).

[6] Refer to Jaamiıut-Tirmidhee (3/377).

[7] Saheeh: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 1765), from ıAbdullaah Ibn Qart (radiyallaahu ıanhu). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Irwaaıul-Ghaleel (no. 2018).

[8] Refer to Majmooıul-Fataawaa (25/288).

[9] Saheeh: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 1945), from Ibn ıUmar (radiyallaahu ıanhu). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in al-lrwaaı (no. 1101).

[10] Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (3/103).it was authenticated by al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr in Bulooghul-Maraam (no. 398).

[11] Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (no. 1945), from ıUqbah Ibn ıAamir (radiyallaahu ıanhu). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Saheehul-Jaamiı (no. 8192).

[12] As explained by Ibn Taymiyyah in Majmooıul-Fataawaa (23/162-164).

[13] Hasan: Related by Ibn Maajah (no. 3123), from Aboo Hurayrah (radiyallaahu ıanhu). It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Takhreej Mushkilatul-Fiqr (no. 398).

[14] Related by al-Bukhaaree (no. 5562) and Muslim (no. 1960), from Jundub Ibn ıAbdullaah al-Bajalee (radiyallaahu ıanhu).

[15] Related by Muslim (no. 1977), from Umm Salamah (radiyallaahu ıanhaa).

[16] Quoted from Fathul-Baaree (21/586).

[17] Majmooıul-Fataawaa (24/220). However, what seems more correct is not to restrict the takbeeraat to being just after every Prayer, as al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr pointed out in Fathul-Baaree (21/587).

[18] Related by Ibn Abee Shaybah in al-Musannaf (2/1/2). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in al-lrwaaı (31/125).

[19] Related by Ibn Abee Shaybah with an authentic chain of narration

[20] Related by al-Bayhaqee (3/315) with an authentic chain of narration.

[21] Fathul-Baaree (2/536).

[source: Al-Istiqaamah Magazine, Issue No.6 - Dhul-Qa'dah 1417H / March 1997]


Revive this Act during the 10 days of Dhul Hijjah



عن ابن عمر ، قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ı ما مِنْ أيامٍ أَعْظَمَ عِنْدَ الله وَلاَ العَمل فِيهِنَّ أَحَبَّ إِلى الله مِنْ هَذَه الأيامِ فأكثِرُوا فِيهَا مِن التّهليلِ وَ التَكْبيرِ وَالتحميدِ

Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ıThere isnıt any day better to Allah when deeds done are more beloved to Him , than in  these ten days (Dhul Hijjah). Therefore, frequently say during them, ı La-Ila ha Ill Allah and Allahu Akbar and Al-Hamdulilah.ı

Collected by Abu Uwanah in Mustakraj (2431), Ahmed (2/75) At-Tahawi (2973 ) in Mushkil. Ahmed Shakir , Al-Munthari, As-Saaıati, and Shuaib Ar-naaut have graded this hadeeth as being Saheeh.

Benefits for this subject:

Shaykh Abdullah ibn Fawzan said ıRemembering Allah during the ten days of Dhul Hijja is among the righteous deeds that can be practiced, along with Dua, and seeking Allahıs forgiveness. In fact these deeds are legislated to be practiced all the time. The remembrances of Allah can be achieved by saying, ıı La-Ila ha Ill Allah and Allahu Akbar and Al-Hamdulilah. and Subhanallahı [ Majalis Asharah Dhul Hija]

At-Tahawi [ (321H) may Allah have mercy on him] said, ı How is that good deeds during these ten days have such high merit as the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) mentioned, however he didnıt fast during them?  And fasting is among the most virtuous of deeds?

Answer: Itıs possible that he didnıt fast the ten days of dhul Hija from what Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated. She said, ıWhenever he fasted he wouldnıt regularly practice other deeds which were greater to Allah. " Praying, remembering Allah, and reading the Quran are all greater in merit than fasting.

Ibn Masud said, ıPraying is more beloved to me than fastingı.

Therefore based on what Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that he (peace and bleesings be upon him) didnıt fast those days; as he was busy practicing other acts of worship. These other acts of Ebaddah are higher in value than fasting. Nonetheless, fasting during these ten days is an enormous and righteous act of worship. Especially, as this hadeeth states that, acts done during these ten days are more beloved to Allah than any other day/s.  Based on this hadeeth, there isnıt anything that prevents the Muslim from fasting therein, in particularly if he has the ability to fast and perform other acts of worship to draw closer to Allah.[Sharh Mushkil Athar by At-Tahawi.]

Translated and compiled by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Battle

Doha, Qatar 1431 ı

Fasting on the day of Arafah is an expiation for two years. :

    The ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah is the day of ıArafah, since it is on this day that the pilgrims gather at the mountain plain of ıArafah, praying and supplicating to their Lord. It is mustahabb (highly recommended) for those who are not pilgrims to fast on this day, since the Prophet (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) was asked about fasting on the day of ıArafah, so he said, ıIt expiates the sins (Minor) of the past year and the coming year.ı [Muslim (no. 1162)]

    Imaam at-Tirmidhee (d.275H) ı rahimahullaah ı said, ıThe People of Knowledge consider it recommended to fast on the day of ıArafah, except for those at ıArafah.ı [Muslim (no. 1348)]

    [Source: The Month of Dhul-Hijjah - Al-Istiqaamah Magazine, Issue No.6 ]

Allah frees slaves from the fire on Arafat more than any other day

    Likewise, the Prophet (sallallaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) said, ıThere is no day on which Allaah frees people from the Fire more so than on the day of ıArafah. He comes close to those (people standing on ıArafah), and then He revels before His Angels saying, ıWhat are these people seeking.ı [Jaamiıut-Tirmidhee (3/377)]

    [Source: The Month of Dhul-Hijjah - Al-Istiqaamah Magazine, Issue No.6 ]

Forgiveness of the Sins even if they are like the foam on the Sea

    As for you staying till the evening in Arafah, then Allaah descends to the sky of the Duniya and He boasts about you to the Angels, and says: ıMy slaves have come to Me, looking rough, from every deep valley hoping for My mercy, so if your sins were equivalent to the amount of sand or the drops of rain or like the foam on the sea I will forgive them. So go forth My slaves! Having forgiveness and for what or who you have interceded for.ı

    [Reported by at-Tabarani in his book ıal-Kabeerı and by al-Bazaar. Shaykh Al-Albani graded it Hassan. Taken from ıSaheeh al-Targheeb wa Tarheebı. Volume 2, Page 9-10, hadeeth no. 1112]

    [Source : Ahadith regarding the benefits and blessings of Hajj - Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya Taken from 'Saheeh al-Targheeb wa Tarheeb' By the Shaykh Muhammad Nasr ud-Deen al-Albaani]

It is the day on which the religion was perfected and Allaahıs Favour was completed.

    In Al-Saheehayn it was reported from ıUmar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) that a Jewish man said to him, ıO Ameer al-Muımineen, there is an aayah in your Book which you recite; if it had come to us Jews, we would have taken that day as an ıEid (festival).ı ıUmar said, ıWhich aayah?ı He said: ıThis day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.ı [al-Maaıidah 5:3 ı interpretation of the meaning]. ıUmar said, ıWe know on which day and in which place that was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). It was when he was standing in ıArafaah on a Friday.ı

Allaah expresses His pride to His angels

    It was reported from Ibn ıUmar that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ıAllaah expresses His pride to His angels at the time of ıIshaaı on the Day of ıArafaah, about the people of ıArafaah. He says, ıLook at My slaves who have come unkempt and dusty.ıı

    Narrated by Ahmad and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.

Allah Swears by these 10 Days , odd and even

    Allah swears by these days.
    1. By the dawn;
    2. By the ten nights (i.e. the first ten days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah),
    3. And by the even and the odd . [ Fajr 1-3 ]

    The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ı The ten are the ten days of Dhul- Hijjah and the odd is the Day of Arafah and the even is the Eid [ Ahmed 3/ 327 and Bazzar 2286] Ibn Rajab graded the isnad of this hadeeth as being Hasan.

    [Source: Taken from Laıtaif al Maırif and Tafseer ibn Katheer , Translated and compiled by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Battle]


The standing on ıArafaat is the hajj.
    The standing on ıArafaat is the hajj. The crowds should remind you of the Day of Resurrection. Humble yourself to Allaah, manifest your ıuboodiyyah to Him Alone through duıaa, sincere intention and strong determination to free yourself from the sins of the past and to build up a commitment to rush for doing what is good. Think of becoming a better person when you return. Rid yourself of false pride and showing off because it may ruin what you gain on this day.
[Source : Hajj and Tawheed by Dr. Saleh as-Saleh]

collected at: http://studyislaam.org

------
Say: "Truly, my Lord has guided me to a Straight Path, a right religion, the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham), Hanifa [i.e. the true Islımic Monotheism - to believe in One God (Allıh i.e. to worship none but Allıh, Alone)] and he was not of polytheis






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