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Posted By Topic: Shaikh Hamood bin ıAbdillaah At-Tuwaijiree

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11-02-2010 @ 3:17 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Zayd Abu Ubayd (Peqin,Albania)
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His name and Lineage:
The Shaikhıs full name was Abu ıAbdillaah, Hamood bin ıAbdillaah bin Hamood bin ıAbdir-Rahmaan At-Tuwaijiree, from the tribe of Bakr bin Waaıil Batn from Rabeeıah in Saudi Arabia. He was born in the city of Al-Majmaıah on Friday, the 15th of Dhul-Hijjah 1334H (October 15, 1916) and his father died in the year 1342H (1924) when he was eight years old.

His Educational Studies:
As a boy, Hamood At-Tuwaijiree began reading at the hand of Shaikh Ahmad As-Saaniı in the year 1342H, just days before the death of his father. He learned, at the Shaikhıs hand, the fundamentals of reading and writing and he memorized the Qurıaan at the age of eleven. He also learned from the book ıAl-Usool ath-Thalaathahı by Shaikh Muhammad bin ıAbdil-Wahhaab (may Allaah have mercy on him). He began learning the book ıAl-Fiqh al-Akbarı with Shaikh ıAbdullaah bin ıAbdil-ıAzeez Al-ıAnawee, the judge of Al-Majmaıah and had mastered it by the age of 13. He learned many sciences and arts by his thirties: Tafseer, Hadeeth, Tawheed, Fiqh, Language, History, Literature and others. He had committed to memory a number of Islamic texts. He earned an ijaazah in narrating the Saheeh books, the Sunan and the Masaaneed as well as relating the books of Shaikh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah and his student, Ibn Al-Qayyim, and in teaching the Hanbalee madh-hab as well as all of the books of authentic narrations (marwiyaat li-kutub al-athbaat). Additionally, he studied at the hand of the jurist, Al-ıAllaamah Muhammad bin ıAbdil-Muhsin Al-Khayyaal, the judge of Madeenah, in grammar and Al-Faraaıid. He also studied under his eminence, Shaikh ıAbdullaah bin Muhammad bin Humaid (rahimahullaah), a judge of Al-Majmaıah, in language and Al-Faraaıid.

His Positions and Efforts in Daıwah:
The Shaikh became a judge in Raheemah and Raıs At-Tanoorah in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia in the year 1368H (1949) for six months. He then took over a judgeship in Az-Zulfi in 1369H (1950) until the end of 1372H (1953) until he took an excuse from judging. He was asked to work for many academic associations and was asked to teach in Al-Maıahad Al-ıIlmiyyah Ibbaan then in the college of Shareeıah, then in the Islamic University in Madeenah, then to work for Daar-ul-Iftaa, but he refused all of that in order to be free to study, do research, and write.

The Shaikh continued in his pursuit of knowledge and in its dissemination through many writings, which were widely accepted by scholars and students of his time. His writings were highly acclaimed by scholars such as Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem Aali Shaikh (rahimahullaah), Shaikh ıAbdullaah bin Muhammad bin Humaid (rahimahullaah), Shaikh ıAbdul-ıAzeez bin ıAbdillaah bin Baaz (rahimahullaah) and Shaikh ıAbdur-Razaaq ıAfeefee. The Shaikh wrote on diverse topics in ıAqeedah, Ahkaam, Adaab and Sulook.

His Written works:
He opposed every one of he atheistic modernists and rebutted them with his pen in defense of the Sunnah and sound ıAqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaaıah. And his refutations were published in booklets, articles and in national and international journals. The Shaikh has over fifty writings, forty of which have been published such as:

1. ıEncirclement of the Jamaaıah by what will come from Trials, Slaughter and Signs of the Hourı
2. ıThe Conclusive Refutation against the Sinful Criminalı (Rebuttal of those who attack Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree)
3. ıSevere and Sharp Finish to those who would oppose the Book, the Sunnah, the Consensus and the Traditionsı {Rebuttal of those who have permitted interest in the banks)
4. ıAffirmation of Allaah being High Above His Creationı
5. ıA Heated Word on Ordering the Good and Forbidding the Evilı
6. ıThe Belief of the People of Faith regarding the Creation of Adam upon the Image of Ar-Rahmaanı
7. ıClarification and Explanation of those matters which many fall into regarding the confusions of the Mushrikeenı
8. And the work presently in hand

The Shaikh also provided commentary to many books.

His Students:
His students were few because of his involvement in the work previously described. However, some of them were ıAbdullaah Ar-Roomee, ıAbdullaah Muhammad Hamood and Naasir At-Tareeree. The Shaikhıs sons: ıAbdullaah, Muhammad, ıAbdul-ıAzeez, ıAbdul-Kareem, Saalih and Ibraaheem learned from him, continued many of his works and are versed in all of his works.

His Character and Manners:
The Shaikh was known for his high and noble character. He spoke softly and with wisdom and he was not overly talkative, but rather full of ideas and serious thought. He was also gentle, mild-tempered and one who would sit with his children and the members of his household. He was easy with them without making distinctions between them and always applied fairness between male and female. His fairness was such that upon his death none of his children could say which from among them was more beloved. His kindness and compassion to the young and the womenfolk was evident in his speech and behavior.

He loved to offer advice through practical example in speech and deed. He never withheld advice or shunned consultation even with the youngest of his children and many times he changed what he was writing, or left a matter that he was attending to, or took up what he had left off, based upon such consultation or advice. He always upheld Allaahıs limits whenever he found proof from the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Prophet (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) and never put before them the word of a friend or the opinion of a scholar. He was as was said of Imaam Ash-Shaafiıee ı that when he was convinced of a proof from the Sunnah of Muhammad (sallAllaahu ıalayhi wa sallam) he would never leave it for what may have been said by people. He always turned tot he truth and stopped at that. He would talk every step to rectify what he saw that may have been in error when shown what was correct. The eminent Muhaddith, Shaikh Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee mentioned his love for the Shaikh, his admiration for him, and praise for him.

Shaikh At-Tuwaijiree was intense in his anger for the sake of Allaah upon learning of anyone openly disobeying Allaah and His Prophet (sallAllaahu 'ıaayhi wa sallam) or opposing the Sunnah or spreading innovation. He was very strong for the truth and no amount of disparagement from the people of innovation and vain desires could deter him, and he would fight them with his tongue and his pen. The Shaikh was extremely self-reliant and would not ask for help even from those closest to him.

His Worship:
The Shaikh was always in worship of Allaah, spending his days in study and research until the sunset and until the night and he would sometimes stay up after 'Ishaa completing what he had started during the day. This is how he spent his final days. He would take a light nap after Dhuhr prayer. He would spend the final third of the night in Tahajjud whether traveling or at home and did not leave this practice even during his illness until - he was unable to stand and he never left the Witr until his dying day, may Allaah have mercy upon his soul!

The Shaikh took to heart the advice of the Prophet (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) to his Companions (radyAllaahu ıanhum) and never neglected fasting three days of each month until the time he was unable to do so due to illness near the end of his life. He fasted regularly during the first ten days in Dhul-Hijjah, six days in Shawwaal or 'Aashuraa and other times. He was also regular in doing Hajj and 'Umrah and would go on 'Umrah every year especially in Ramadaan. He would take half of the year in Makkah with his sons. He would constantly recite the Qur'aan in any condition ı even when working he would be reciting; And he would also complete the Qur'aan every seven days except in Ramadaan when he would do so every three days. He would recite nearly four 30ths (ajzaa) in his nightly standing in prayer.

His Illness and Death:
His final illness began during the last three years (of his life), however he concealed this up until the last year when it became intensified. He was hospitalized three times and the last time just two days before his death. In his final illness he was patient and content with that which Allaah had decreed for him until he passed away in the final hour of Tuesday, 5th of Rajab 1413 (December 30, 1992). May Allaah grant him the widest mercy and give him the best abode in Paradise and put him in the company of the Prophets, the Siddiqeen, the Martyrs, and the Righteous. Aameen.

The prayer for him was made after Salaat adh-Dhuhr on Wednesday, 6a.m. of Rajab, 1413 (December 31, 1992) in Masjid Ar-Raajihee in Riyaadh and he was buried in An-Naseem graveyard. His funeral was attended by masses who filled the masjid and every street and path leading to it along with many callers, scholars, and notables with Shaikh ıAbdul-ıAzeez bin ıAbdillaah bin Baaz leading the prayer. Shaykh At-Tuwaijiree was eighty-seven years, six months and twenty days old at the time of his death. From Allaah we come and to Him do we return.

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