Joined: Jul 2005
His Name and Lineage: |
He is the great scholar and Muhaddith, Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin bin Hamad bin ıAbdil-Muhsin bin ıAbdillaah Al-ıAbbaad Aali Badr. The family of Aali Badr comes from the family of Jalaas, which originates from the ancient tribe of ıAnazah, one of the descendent tribes of ıAdnan (descendent of Prophet Ismaıeel). His great-grandfatherıs nickname was ıAbbaad and so as a result some of his offspring inherited it from him, such as Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin and his mother, the daughter of Sulaymaan bin ıAbdillaah Aali Badr.
The Shaikh was born on a Tuesday night after ıIshaa prayer in the month of Ramadaan, 1353H in the city of Zulfi, Saudi Arabia. This is the city where he grew up and learned the basics of reading and writing.
Map of Saudi ArabiaHis Early Studies:
While in Zulfi, he studied under Shaikh ıAbdullaah bin Ahmad Al-Maneeı, Shaikh Zaid bin Muhammad Al-Munaifee, Shaikh ıAbdullaah bin ıAbdir-Rahmaan Al-Ghaith with whom he completed the noble Qurıaan, and Shaikh Faalih bin Muhammad Ar-Roomee.
When the first elementary school opened in Zulfi in 1368H, he joined it in its third year and obtained his primary degree there in 1371H.
After completing his primary studies, he moved to Riyadh and signed up with the Educational Institute there. This was the same year (1372H) that Imaam ıAbdul-ıAzeez bin Baaz moved to Riyadh from Kharj, where he had served as judge since 1357H, and the first year he taught in this Institute. Amongst the colleagues that he studied with at that time was Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaamee, may Allaah have mercy on him.
After graduating from this institute, the Shaikh enrolled with the College of Shareeıah in the Imaam Muhammad bin Suıood Islamic University of Riyadh. During his last year at the college, he was appointed a teacher in the Educational Institute of Buraidah in 5/13/1379H. Then towards the end of that final school year, he returned back to Riyadh to take his final examination for the college. Allaah blessed him by granting him the ability to finish first amongst his whole class which consisted of over 80 graduates. They represented the fourth class of graduates from the College of Shareeıah of the Imaam Muhammad bin Suıood University. He also finished in the first rank amongst his class during his first three years at the college and when receiving his secondary degree from the Educational Institute of Riyadh.
While in Riyadh, he was able to study under scholars the likes of Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem Aali Shaikh, Shaikh ıAbdul-ıAzeez bin Baaz, Shaikh Muhammad Al-Ameen Ash-Shanqeetee, Shaikh ıAbdur-Rahmaan Al-Afreeqee and Shaikh ıAbdur-Razzaaq ıAfeefee both in the University and in local masaajid.
He studied specifically under Shaikh ıAbdur-Rahmaan Al-Afreeqee in Riyadh in the year 1372H and then studied Hadeeth and its Terminology the following year under him. He would say about him: ıHe was a sincere teacher and a great scholar, as well as a counselor, guide and good example, may Allaah have mercy on him.ı
He also had a special relationship with Shaikh ıAbdul-ıAzeez bin Baaz ever since the first time they met in 1372H. He studied formally under him in the fourth year of the College of Shareeıah. Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin mentioned: ıMost of the contact I had with him would occur in between classes and in the masjid. I would also visit him in his home.ı
In 1380H, he transferred to teach in the Educational Institute of Riyadh. But when the Islamic University of Madeenah opened and the first college to be established there was the College of Shareeıah, Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem Aali Shaikh selected him to work there as a teacher. Prior to this, towards the end of 1379H, Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin had requested Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem, may Allaah have mercy on him, to put him in the teaching profession program, to which he agreed on the condition that when he completed the program he would teach at the Islamic University when it opened. Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin replied that he was fully prepared for the task.
His Role in the Islamic University:
So he began teaching at the Islamic University of Madeenah in 1381H and he was the first to deliver a class there. He accompanied his teacher, Shaikh ıAbdul-ıAzeez bin Baaz, who taught at the University for the next fifteen years.
He served as a member of the Universityıs committee from the time of its inception to 1393H. Then in 7/30/1393H, he was appointed vice-president of the Islamic University behind Shaikh ıAbdul-ıAzeez bin Baaz, the president at that time, who nominated him amongst three candidates for the position, upon which King Faisal, may Allaah have mercy on him, selected him for the job.
Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin stayed in this position up to 10/26/1399H when he was relieved of it at his own request. In the first two of these six years, he was the second-in-charge. Then when Shaikh ıAbdul-ıAzeez bin Baaz, may Allaah have mercy on him, transferred to become president of the Educational Research and Religious Verdict Administration, he became first-in-charge. During these six years, the Shaikh did not stop giving two weekly classes for fourth-year students at the College of Shareeıah.
Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin says about this: ıI would go to him, i.e. Shaikh Ibn Baaz, before going to the University and sit with him for a little while. Shaikh Ibraaheem Al-Husayyin would also be with him and would read the (chapters on) Muıaamalaat (business and social dealing between Muslims) to him from after Fajr till the sun rose. On one of these days, he said to me: ıI had a dream last night where I saw a beautiful camel, which I was pulling and you were riding. And I led it to the Islamic University.ı And all praise be to Allaah, this dream came true for I served as vice-president under him for two years, then assumed his role as interim president after him for four years.ı
During the time that he served as president of the University, about five-thousand manuscripts were added to its library. This was the same time that Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree was hired to bring books from libraries around the world. Shaikh Hammaad said: ıA majority of the classical works of the Salaf that were photocopied for the Islamic University were done at the time when Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin served as president there.ı
He also said: ıI brought five-thousand manuscripts for the Islamic University during my travels. Most of the journeys I took for the purpose of obtaining manuscripts and photocopying them were done during the time that Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin Al-ıAbbaad was president of the University.ı
Most of these manuscripts were books of Hadeeth and books on the Creed of the Salaf. To get a clearer picture of the great service that Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin did while president of the Islamic University, look at the following statement of Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree:
ıA historical account should be written about Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin Al-ıAbbaad. He did certain jobs in the University that I wish I could have recorded or taped. There were two times in the day that he would insist on working at his job even though it wasnıt required of him ı in the morning and in the afternoon after ıAsr. I went to visit him one time in his office after ıAsr when he was president of the University and sat with him. I then asked: ıWhere is the coffee, Shaikh?ı He answered: ıIts ıAsr now and there is no one here to make it.ı One time I was determined to get to the University before him so I got in the car and went. When I arrived at the University, there was Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin opening the door to the University before everyone else!ı
He would also say: ıRelate Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsinıs diligence at work to the people for there is no harm in this.ı
Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin Al-ıAbbaad was also the reason why Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree wrote his famous book on Tawassul, which served as a refutation of a book written by ıAbdullaah Al-Ghumaaree, which Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin had brought back with him from his trip to Morocco.
Amongst the other milestones reached by the University under Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsinıs presidency was that it transferred from being a government facility to a private institution, the advanced studies department for the Masterıs and Doctorateıs programs were formed, the faculties of Qurıaan and Islamic studies, Hadeeth, and Arabic language were created, the size of the Universityıs land increased to accommodate a proposed 20,000 students, and the Universityıs printing department was also established.
Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin continues to teach at the University until this very day even though he is past the compulsory age of retirement. No one has taught longer at the Islamic University than him since he taught from its very first day until now. In addition to this, he also continues to hold lessons in the Prophetıs Masjid.
Sufficient as testimony of the great role Shaikh ıAdul-Muhsin Al-ıAbbaad has had on the Islamic University of Madeenah is what Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree said as recorded by his son, ıAbdul-Awwal, in his biography of his father (2/597): ıThe Islamic University (of Madeenah) is the university of Al-ıAbbaad, Az-Zayid and Shaikh Ibn Baaz.ı And then he began praising the days they spent together.
The first trip that the Shaikh took outside of his hometown of Zulfi was when he went to Makkah for Hajj in 1370H. Then in 1371, he traveled to Riyadh to seek knowledge. He also traveled to Morocco. It is said that Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin Al-ıAbbaad obtained his Masterıs Degree from Egypt.
Some of the Shaikhıs profound Sayings:
ıI have in my possession notes from the various grades of school beginning from the third year of primary school, which are from the dearest and most precious of what I saved.ı
ıFrom the most beloved of deeds to me and the most hoped for by me in the sight of my Lord is my immense love for the Companions of Allaahıs Messenger and my extreme hatred for those who hate them. And Allaah has indeed blessed me with boys and girls as children. I named four of my sons after the four rightly-guided Khaleefahs after first naming one with the name of the chief of Messengers, i.e. Muhammad. And I named some of my daughters after some of the Mothers of the Believers after naming one with the name of the leader of the believing women, i.e. Faatimah. I ask Allaah and seek a way to Him through my love for them and my hatred for those who hate them. And I ask Him to gather me in their company and to increase them in virtue and reward.ı
Many of todayıs scholars and well-known students of knowledge have studied under the Shaikh either through his classes in the University or the lessons he delivers in the Prophetıs Masjid. Amongst the most famous of them are:
1. Shaikh Ihsaan Ilaahee Dhaheer, may Allaah have mercy on him;
2. Dr. ıAlee Naasir Al-Faqeehee
3. Dr. Saalih As-Suhaymee
4. Dr. Waseeıullaah ıAbbaas
5. Dr. Baasim Al-Jawaabirah
6. Dr. ıAasim bin ıAbdillaah Al-Qaryootee
7. Dr. Ibraaheem Ar-Ruhaylee
8. Dr. ıAbdur-Razzaaq Al-ıAbbaad, his son
9. Dr. Rabeeı bin Haadee Al-Madkhalee
His Connection with the Scholars:
He had a special relationship with many people of knowledge, especially those who would teach in the Islamic University, and not to mention those about whom he heard were people of virtue and good standing, As an example, he had a special relationship with Shaikh ıUmar Fullaata, may Allaah have mercy on him, which can be seen in a lecture he delivered about him after his death, which was later transcribed and published.
Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin Al-ıAbbaad has authored numerous books, some of which were either originally lectures or lessons he gave throughout the course of his life. Below are some of his well-known published books and treatises:
1. ıIshroona Hadeethan min Saheeh-il-Bukhaaree [20 Hadeeth from the Narrations of Al-Bukhaaree]
2. ıIshroona Hadeethan min Saheeh-il-Imaam Muslim [20 Hadeeth from the Narrations of Imaam Muslim]
3. Min Akhlaaq-ir-Rasool-il-Kareem [From the Manners of the Noble Messenger]
4. ıAqeedatu Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaaıah fis-Sahaabat-il-Kiraam [The Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaaıah concerning the Noble Companions] This book is available on Al-Ibaanah.Com as a free downloadable e-book.
5. Fadlu Ahlil-Bait wa ıUloo Makaanatihim ıinda Ahlis-Sunnati wal-Jamaaıah [The Virtue of the Members of the Prophetıs Household and their High Status amongst Ahlus-Sunnah]
6. ıAqeedatu Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Athar fil-Mahdee-il-Muntadhar [The Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Athar concerning the Awaited Mahdee] This book was originally a lecture the Shaikh gave, which Shaikh ıAbdul-ıAzeez bin Baaz, was present for and praised, and announced he would publish before it was completed.
7. Ar-Radd ıalaar-Rifaaıee wal-Bootee [A Refutation of Ar-Rifaaıee and Al-Bootee]
8. Al-Intisaar Lis-Sahaabat-il-Akhyaar [Supporting the Excellent Companions ı A Refutation of the False Allegations of Hasan Al-Maalikee]
9. Fadlul-Madeenah wa Adaab Suknaahaa wa Ziyaaratihaa [The Virtue of Madeenah and the Etiquettes of Living in it and Visiting it]
10. Sharh ıAqeedah Ibn Abee Zaid Al-Qayrawaanee [An Explanation of the Creed of Ibn Abee Zaid Al-Qayrawaanee] This explanation is based on various lesson he would give in the masjid. Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin was one of the first Salafee scholars, if not the first, to explain this book. Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree, who died in the middle of 1418H said: ıNo Salafee scholar explained the Creed of Ibn Abee Zaid Al-Qayrawaanee. Only the Ashaırees have explained it.ı
11. Min Aqwaal-il-Munsifeen fis-Sahaabee al-Khaleefah Muıaawiyah [From the Statements of the Impartial on the Companion, the Caliph Muıaawiyah] This book has been translated and is available in the English language.
12. Rifqan Ahlus-Sunnah bi-Ahlis-Sunnah [Ahlus-Sunnah, be gentle with one another] This book has been published on-line and in book format.
13. Fatıh-ul-Qawee-il-Mateen bi-Sharh-il-Arbaıeen [Allaahıs Aid in Explaining An-Nawaweeıs 40 Hadeeth] An excellent book in which the Shaikh explains An-Nawaweeıs 42 hadeeth and Ibn Rajabıs additional 8 hadeeth ı 50 in total.
14. Sharh Shuroot as-Salaat [An Explanation of the Conditions, Pillars and Requirements of Prayer] This is a brief explanation of the classical work of Imaam Muhammad bin ıAbdil-Wahhaab, which is pending publication by Al-Ibaanah Book Publishing.
Shaikh 'Abdul-Muhsin has many more books and treatises attributed to him, whether from his writings or a transcription of his lectures and lessons, which have not been mentioned here.
The Scholarsı Praise for him:
The great scholar, Hammaad Al-Ansaaree, may Allaah have mercy on him, said about him: ıVerily, my eyes did not see the likes of Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin Al-ıAbbaad in terms of piety.ı [Tarjamah Hammad Al-Ansaaree (2/621)]
It is important to note that Shaikh Hammaad said this even though he had met and accompanied great scholars the likes of Muhammad bin Ibraaheem Aali Shaikh, Al-Muıallimee, Ibn Baaz and Al-Albaanee. So this is a significant testimony.
Since Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin Al-ıAbbaad was well-versed in the field of Hadeeth, the great scholar, Imaam Al-Albaanee, would rely on some of his verifications, as can be seen in his as-Saheehah (5/276). While authenticating a hadeeth about the Mahdee and quoting Ibn Al-Qayyim as saying it was good, he said: ıShaikh Al-ıAbbaad concurred with it in his treatise on the Mahdee.ı
He had a very strong relationship with his teacher, Shaikh ıAbdul-ıAzeez bin Baaz. Whever someone would come from Madeenah (to Riyadh), he would ask them about Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin Al-ıAbbaad, Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree and Shaikh ıUmar Fullaata. [Jawaanib min Seerah Ibn Baaz (pg. 261)]
Shaikh Al-Albaanee, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: ıI do not know of anyone equal to him in this era with devotion to the Hadeeth and vast research of it. I cannot do without nor do I see that anyone else can do without his books and benefiting from them.ı
Examples of his Piety:
When the Shaikh served as president of the Islamic University of Madeenah, he didnıt abuse his position and take it as an opportunity to oppress the workers and employees. Shaikh Hammaad Al-Ansaaree relates: ıI went to the University at the time of ıAsr when Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin served as its president. And there would be no one in the University except for him and me. So I said to him: ıWhy donıt you bring someone who will open the University for you before you come?ı He replied: ıI will not make anybody work at this time because it is a time of rest.ı This was at the time of ıAsr.ı
One graduate from the University related that when the Shaikh was president there he would not like to stop the university car on the road to buy things for the house. Meaning: Since the car was just to take him to and from work, he would not like to abuse this by using it for personal reasons.
On another occasion, when his term of presidency ended, his driver saw him standing on the street waiting, so he passed by him as usual and offered to take him home, but he replied: ıI wouldnıt think of it. My term as president has ended and I called my son to come and get me.ı
Examples of his Humor and Joking:
In his lecture on Shaikh ıUmar Fullaataıs biography, Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin said: ıFrom the funny incidents between us is that I would always joke with Shaikh ıUmar about his age and how old he was even though he did not look it. One year while we were on Hajj, we went inside one of the tents in ıArafaat where we saw a man whose hair had become completely white ı even his eyebrows. So I told Shaikh ıUmar: ıThis man is from your peersı ı meaning he is old. After we sat down, the man looked at me and said: ıI am your student. You taught me during the night courses of the primary school in Riyadh.ı This was around 1374H. While I was studying in Riyadh, I would teach voluntary courses in the evening at that school where most of the students worked during the day. So Shaikh ıUmar, may Allaah have mercy on him, saw that as an opportunity to turn the tables around on me. Thereafter, he kept asking that man over and over again: ıYou are Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsinıs student?ıı
As mentioned before, Shaikh ıAbdul-Muhsin holds regular lessons at the Prophetıs Masjid in addition to teaching in the University. He also holds some classes in his masjid. From the classical works that he would explain in the Haram during his lessons there and which can be found in the tape library at the Haram:
1. An explanation of the abridgement of al-Alfiyyah of As-Suyootee (57 tapes)
2. An explanation of the Creed of Ibn Abee Zayd Al-Qayrawaanee (14 tapes)
3. An explanation of Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, which he did not complete (623 tapes)
4. An explanation of Sunan An-Nasaaıee (414 tapes)
5. An explanation of Sunan Abee Dawood (272 tapes) and still ongoing
6. An explanation of the Book of Fasting from al-Lulılu wal-Marjaan (7 tapes)
7. An explanation of Adaab-ul-Mashee ilaas-Salaat (14 tapes)
May Allaah reward the Shaikh for his great efforts in educating the Muslims and spreading the truth and may He preserve him. The telephone number of the Shaikh in Madeenah is 04/8475207.
Sources for his Biography:
This biography was taken from various postings on sahab.net.