Joined: Dec 2002
Bismi'llaah ar-Rahman ir-Raheem |
Abandoning the People of Bid'ah (Innovation)
Bid'ah (innovation) means "a newly invented matter". The Shari'ah definition of bid'ah is: "A newly invented way [beliefs or action] in the religion, in imitation of the Shari'ah (prescribed Law), by which nearness to Allah is sought, [but] not being supported by any authentic proof - neither in its foundations, nor in the manner in which it is performed."
The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alaihi wa-sallam) said: "Every innovation is misguidance and going astray" Reported by Abu Dawood (no. 4607), at-Tirmidhee (no. 2676)
And he (sallallahu 'alaihi wa-sallam) also said: "... and every innovation is misguidance and all misguidance is in the Hellfire." Reported by an-Nasa'ee (1/224)
The Messenger (sallallahu 'alaihi wa-sallam) also warned against the People of Innovation, from befriending, supporting or taking from them (an act of bid'ah) saying: "Whoever innovates or accommodates an innovator then upon him is the curse of Allah, His Angels and the whole of mankind." Reported by Bukhari (12/41) and Muslim (9/140)
Following in the footsteps of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alaihi wa-sallam), we find the Noble Companions and the Taabi'een after them warning from the danger of innovations upon the Ummah.
Ibn Abbaas (radi Allahu 'anhu) (d. 68H) said: "Indeed the most detestable of things to Allah are the innovations." Reported by al-Bayhaqee in as-Sunan al-Kubraa (4/316)
Ibn Umar (radi Allahu 'anhu) (d. 84H) said: "Every innovation is misguidance, even if the people see it as something good" Reported by Abu Shamah (no. 39)
Sufyaan ath-Thawree (radi Allahu 'anhu) (d. 161H) said: "Innovation is more beloved to Iblees (Satan) than sin, since a sin may be repented from but innovation is not repented from." Reported by al-Lalikaa'ee (no. 238)
Al-Fudayl bin 'Iyaad (radi Allahu 'anhu) (d. 187H) said: "I met the best of people, all of them people of the Sunnah and they used to forbid from accompanying the people of innovation." Reported by al-Lalikaa'ee (no.267)
Al-Hasan al-Basree (radi Allahu 'anhu) (d. 110H) said: "Do not sit with the people of innovation and desires, nor argue with them, nor listen to them." Reported by ad-Darimee in his Sunan (1/121)
Ibrahim bin Maysarah (radi Allahu 'anhu) (d.132H) said: "Whoever honours an innovator has aided in the destruction of Islam." Reported by al-Lalika'ee (1/139).
Sufyaan ath-Thawree (radi Allahu 'anhu) (d.161H) said: "Whoever listens to an innovator has left the protection of Allah and is entrusted with the innovation." Reported by Abu Nu'aym in al-Hilyah (7/26) and Ibn Battah (no.444).
Imam Malik (rahimahullah) (d. 179H) said: "How evil are the people of innovation, we do no give them salaam." Reported by al-Baghawee in Sharh us-Sunnah (1/234).
Imam ash-Shafi'ee (rahimahullah) (d. 204H) said: "That a person meets Allah with every sin except Shirk is better than meeting Him upon any one of the innovated beliefs." Reported by al-Bayhaqee in al-I'tiqaad (p.158)
Al-Fudayl bin 'Iyaad (radi Allahu 'anhu) (d. 187H) said: "Whomever sits with a person of innovation, then beware of him and whoever sits with a person of innovation has not been given wisdom. I love that there was fort of iron between me and a person of innovation. That I eat with a Jew and a Christian is more beloved to me than that I eat with a person of innovation." Reported by al-Lalika'ee (no.1149)
Al-Fudayl bin 'Iyaad (radi Allahu 'anhu) also said: "If a man comes to a person to consult him and he directs him to an innovator, then he has made a deception of Islam. Beware of going to a person of innovation for they divert people] from the truth." Sharh Usool ul-I'tiqaad of al-Lalika'ee (no.261)
Al-Layth bin Sa'd (radi Allahu 'anhu) (d. 175H) said: "If I saw a person of desires (i.e. innovations) walking upon the water I would not accept from him." So Imam as-Shafi'ee then said: "He (al-Layth) has fallen short If I saw him walking in the air I would not accept from him." Reported by as-Suyooti in al-Amr bil 'Ittibaa wan-Nahee anilIbtidaa'.
Abdullah Ibn Ma'sood (radi Allahu 'anhu) said: "Follow and do not innovate, for you have been given that which is sufficient and every innovation is misguidance." Reported by Abu Khaithamah in Kitaab Ul-'Ilm (no. 540)
Al-'Irbaad ibn Sariyah (radi Allahu 'anhu), reports that the Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa-sallam) said, ".... I have left you upon clear guidance. Its night is like its day. No one deviates from it after me except that he is destroyed." Reported by Ahmad, Ibn Maajah (no. 43) and al-Hakim.
Al-Marwazee (radi Allahu 'anhu) reports in as-Sunnah (no. 95) that 'Umar ibn 'Abd Allah-'Azeez (radi Allahu 'anhu) said, "There is no excuse for anyone, after the Sunnah, to be misguided upon error which he thought was guidance."