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Posted By Topic: WHAT TO SAY WHEN YOU SEE AN AFFLICTED PERSON

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UmmZubayr
03-29-2011 @ 12:10 AM    Notify Admin about this post
UmmHaarith Bint Hasheem Ismaeel Ibn Ahmad Khan (Birmingham)
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WHAT TO SAY WHEN YOU SEE AN AFFLICTED PERSON



* al-Imaam at-Tirmidhee -rahimahullaah- reported in his ıSunanı (Book of Supplications: Chapter (38): What he should say when he sees an afflicted person (no. 3431):

ıMuhammad ibn `Abdillaah ibn Bazee` narrated to us, saying: `Abdul-Waarith ibn Sa`eed narrated to us: from `Amr ibn Deenaar -the freed slave of Aal az-Zubayr: from Saalim ibn `Abdillaah ibn `Umar: from Ibn `Umar: from `Umar: that Allaahıs Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:

<< Whoever sees someone who has been afflicted, and he says:

(الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الّذِي عَافَانِي مِمَّا ابْتَلاَكَ بِهِ وَ فَضَّلَنِي عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِمَّنْ خَلَقَ تَفْضِيلاً )

(al-hamdu lillaahil-ladhee `aafaanee mim-mabtalaaka bihi wa faddalanee `alaa katheerin mimman khalaqa tafdeelaa),

[All praise is for Allaah, Who has saved me from that which He has afflicted you with, and has favoured me greatly over many of those whom He has created ],

then he will be rendered safe from that affliction for as long as he lives.>>

This is a singular hadeeth; and in this regard, there is a report from Aboo Hurayrah. And `Amr ibn Deenaar, Qahrumaan, Aal az-Zubayr was a Shaikh of Basrah, and he was not strong in hadeeth; and he is alone in reporting some ahaadeeth from Saalim ibn `Abdillaah ibn `Umar. And it has been related from Aboo Ja`far Muhammad ibn `Alee that he said: ıIf he sees a person who has been afflicted, then he should seek refuge, saying that to himself, and not causing the one who has been afflicted to hear it.ı

- Shaikh al-Albaanee -rahimahullaah- said concerning the hadeeth: ıHasanı.

*

* And al-Imaam at-Tirmidhee -rahimahullaah- narrated (no.3432):

ıAboo Ja`far as-Simnaanee, and others narrated to us, saying: Mutarrif ibn `Abdillaah al-Madeenee narrated to us, saying: `Abdullaah ibn `Umar al-`Umaree narrated to us: from Suhayl ibn Abee Saalih: from his father: from Aboo Hurayrah, who said: Allaahıs Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:          << Whoever sees an afflicted person and says:

(الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الّذِي عَافَانِي مِمَّا ابْتَلاَكَ بِهِ وَ فَضَّلَنِي عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِمَّنْ خَلَقَ تَفْضِيلاً )

(al-hamdu lillaahil-ladhee `aafaanee mim-mabtalaaka bihi wa faddalanee `alaa katheerin mimman khalaqa tafdeelaa),

[All praise is for Allaah, Who has saved me from that which He has afflicted you with, and has favoured me greatly over many of those whom He has created ],

then that afflication will not strike him.>>

This is a hasan hadeeth that is singular with this chain of narration.ı

- Shaikh al-Albaanee -rahimahullaah- said concerning the hadeeth: ıSaheehı.

*

* al-Imaam Ibn Maajah -rahimahullaah- reported in his ıSunanı (Book of Supplication: Chapter (22): What supplication a man should make when he looks at people who have been afflicted (no.3892):

ı `Alee ibn Muhammad narrated to us, saying: Wakee` narrated to us: from Khaarijah ibn Mus`ab: from Aboo Yahyaa, `Amr ibn Deenaar -and he is not the companion of Ibn `Uyainah- the freed-slave of the family of az-Zubayr: from Saalim: from Ibn `Umar who said: Allaahıs Messenger         (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: << Whoever unexpectedly comes upon an affliction, and he says:

(الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الّذِي عَافَانِي مِمَّا ابْتَلاَكَ بِهِ وَ فَضَّلَنِي عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِمَّنْ خَلَقَ تَفْضِيلاً )

(al-hamdu lillaahil-ladhee `aafaanee mim-mabtalaaka bihi wa faddalanee `alaa katheerin mimman khalaqa tafdeelaa),

[All praise is for Allaah, Who has saved me from that which He has afflicted you with, and has favoured me greatly over many of those whom He has created ],

then he will be rendered safe from that affliction, no matter what happens >>.ı

- Shaikh al-Albaanee -rahimahullaah- said concerning the hadeeth: ıHasanı.

*

* Shaikh Muhammad `Abdur-Rahmaan al-Mubaarakfooree (1283-1353 H)-rahimahullaah- said in his commentary upon the ıSunan of  at-Tirmidheeı: ıTuhfatul-Ahwadheeı (9/390):

ı Meaning: One who has been afflicted in a matter relating to his body, such as leprosy, extreme shortness, or extreme tallness, or blindness, having a limp, or having a crooked arm, or the like; or relating to the Religion, with the like of sinfulness, oppression, innovation, Disbelief, and other than this.ı

*

* al-Haafiz `Abdur-Raıoof al-Munaawee (952-1031 H) -rahimahullaah- said in his commentary upon ıal-Jaami`us-Sagheerı: ıFaydul-Qadeerı (6/130):

ı (Whoever sees someone who has been afflicted ): In his body, or in his religionıı

*

* al-Imaam al-Husayn ibn `Abdillaah at-Teebee (d. 743 H) -rahimahullaah- said in his commentary upon ıMishkaatul-Masaabeehı: ıal-Kaashif `an Haqaaıiqis-Sunanı (6/1898):

ı His saying (from what he has afflicted you with): this address contains an indication that the afflicted one is not one who is ill, or one who has a bodily deficiency, but is rather one who is a sinful one, free of any excuse, and therefore he addresses him with his saying ıfrom what he has afflicted you withı. So if the one being referred to were a sick person, then this address would not be appropriate, and this is supported by his following it with his saying ıand has favoured me greatly over many of those whom He has created)ıı

*

* Shaikh `Alee ibn Sultaan al-Qaaree (d. 1014 H) -rahimahullaah- said in his commentary upon ıMishkaatul-Masaabeehı: ıMirqaatul-Mafaateehı (5/342-343):

ı(There is no man who sees one who is afflicted): i.e. in a matter relating to his body, such as leprosy, or extreme shortness; or extreme tallness, or blindness, or his having a limp, or his having a crooked arm, or the like; or in a matter pertaining to the Religion, such as sinfulness, oppression, innovation, Disbelief, and other than this; (and he says: All praise is for Allaah, Who has saved me from that which He has afflicted you with) : for indeed being granted safety and security is more expansive than experiencing affliction- for that is likely to result in vexation and trialı              at-Teebee -rahimahullaah- said: ıThis applies if the person is afflicted with acts of disobedience and sins; as for if he is a sick person, or one with a bodily deficiency, then this address will not be appropriateı. I say: What is correct is that he still says it, because the hadeeth occurs with that. The only difference is that he should avoid raising his voice, and should instead say it quietly, for other than the sinful person. Indeed even regarding him [i.e. the sinful person] the same is to be done if it will otherwise result in evil consequences. So therefore at-Tirmidhee said, after bringing the marfoo` (the saying ascribed to the Prophet [ صلى الله عليه و سلم ]( hadeeth : ıAnd it has been related from Aboo Ja`far Muhammad ibn `Alee that he said: ıIf he sees a person who has been afflicted, then he should seek refuge, saying that to himself, and not causing the one who has been afflicted to hear it.ı Whereas he should cause the one who has been afflicted with regard to his religion to hear it, if he wishes to deter him, and hopes that he can be deterredıı

*

al-Imaam Yahyaa ibn Sharaf an-Nawawee (631-676 H) -rahimahullaah- said in ıal-Adhkaarı(p.343):

ı I say: the scholars from our companions and others said: It is befitting that he says this dhikr quietly, such that he causes himself to hear it, and he does not cause the one who is afflicted to hear it, in order that his heart does not feel pain on account of it; unless his affliction is a sin, in which case there is no harm in causing him to hear that, as long as he does not fear evil coming about because of that, and Allaah knows best.ı



***

Written By Aboo Talhah Dawud Ibn Ronald Burbank






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