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Posted By Topic: Last revealed verse of the Qur'an

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Abu-Hanaa'
01-08-2009 @ 3:53 AM    Notify Admin about this post
Abu Hanaa' Mohsin ibn Babar Ali (Bradford, UK)
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Assalaamu Alaikum

I have been meaning to know what the last revealed verse of the Qur'an was. Im assuming that its Surah Ma'idah, chapter 5, verse 3 - when Allah says, '...This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion...'

Please can anyone advise me of this. It would be much appreciated if one can shed light on when, where and how it was revealed.


JazakAllah Khair

Abu Hanaa'

Moosaa
01-10-2009 @ 2:25 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Abul-'Abbaas Moosaa ibn John Richardson (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)
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wa 'alaykumus-salaam wa rahmatullaahi

The verse you mentioned was revealed on the day of 'Arafah during the Prophet's hajj (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam), and it was a Friday, as stated by 'Umar ibn al-Khattaab.

Other verses of the Qur'aan were revealed after it, and a popular choice among the scholars of tafseer for the last verse revealed is:

"And fear the day when you will be brought back to Allaah..." [2:281]

And Allaah knows best.

Moosaa ibn John Richardson

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Abu-Hanaa'
01-10-2009 @ 7:36 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Abu Hanaa' Mohsin ibn Babar Ali (Bradford, UK)
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Posts: 19
Joined: Jan 2009
          
Assalaamu Alaikum Akhi

JazakAllah for the reply

Something that is confusing me is the nature of the verse - If Allah mentions that '...This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion...'
then doesnt that necessitate the completion of the revelation?

Pardon my ignorance but how can the religion be perfected if the revelation is not complete? Please can you or anyone advise of any scholarly position on this matter.

JazakAllah Khair

Abu Hanaa'

Moosaa
01-14-2009 @ 6:32 AM    Notify Admin about this post
Abul-'Abbaas Moosaa ibn John Richardson (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)
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wa 'alaykumus-salaamu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh

The verses revealed after it did not refer to ahkaam (legislative rulings), and Allaah knows best.

Moosaa ibn John Richardson

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masjidsiddeeq
01-14-2009 @ 4:13 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Masjid Aboo Bakr As-Siddeeq (Decatur/Atlanta, Georgia USA)
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** THIS POST HAS BEEN REMOVED**


As-Salaamu alaykum,

Someone from within our community posted under the name of our masjid in this thread without permission and consent from us. We, the Administration of Masjid Aboo Bakr as-Siddeeq, having nothing to do with this post and have removed it and taken corrective action.  That which was posted was not in any way, shape or form a knowledge-based disscusion and it is not from our way to enter into things that we do not have knowledge of. We apologize for any harm or confusion this may have caused and ask Allaahs forgiveness for this lapse on our part.  Likewise we apologize to Br. Moosa for any harm or trouble brought about due to this.


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masjidsiddeeq
01-14-2009 @ 4:30 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Masjid Aboo Bakr As-Siddeeq (Decatur/Atlanta, Georgia USA)
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REMOVED - posted without consent of Masjid Aboo Bakr as-Siddeeq


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Decatur, GA  30032
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Moosaa
01-15-2009 @ 5:27 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Abul-'Abbaas Moosaa ibn John Richardson (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)
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Masjid Abee Bakr as-Siddeeq (may Allaah make it full of siddeeqeen and saaliheen) has attributed the following to Ibn Katheer:

quote:
This is the Last Ayah Ever Revealed, the Ruling on Al-Kalalah


I don't believe these are the words of Ibn Katheer.  I just checked 4 reliable printings (one checked by Sh. Muqbil, another a vast university project) and the tafseer of the verse in all printings begins with al-Bukhaaree's report and does not have these words.

I then checked the abridgements of ar-Rafaa'ee and Sh. Ahmad Shaakir, and neither of them mention this either.

Then I found it between brackets [like this] in Safee ar-Rahmaan al-Mubaarakfooree's (Daar as-Salaam's scholar) abridgement and re-writing of Tafseer Ibn Katheer called al-Misbaah al-Muneer, and then I realized that your translation was actually from the English translation of al-Mubaarakfooree's work, not from Tafseer Ibn Katheer itself.

It was between brackets in the original Arabic of al-Misbaah al-Muneer, and this was lost when it was translated into English and made into the text of the book.

In his introduction, the author (may Allaah have Mercy on him) claimed that what is between brackets are words from some of the previous printings, however:

This is most likely not the case here since it is kind of a title, and it seems to be the case that it was added to clarify the content of the section, as is common in modern books.  Again, these words were originally between brackets, so no blame on the original author.  The problem is that this was lost and was not preserved when brought into the Enlish language.  And Allaah knows best.

The following things may also prove helpful in this issue:

1) Ibn Katheer did not seem to take a position on the last verse revealed, as is his way in many issues of differing.  He simply stated what was reported and moved on.  

2) Accounts of a Companion saying, "Such and such was the last verse revealed..." is only from their individual perspective, meaning that it is very possible that other Companions witnessed the revelation of other verses that he did not.

3) To conclude decisively in this issue is not a crucial matter needed to understand the Book of Allaah, especially given the difficulty in sifting through the various reports and their authenticity.

4) When quoting from a tah-theeb (an abridgment and/or re-writing, possibly with additions), like al-Misbaah al-Muneer of al-Mubaarakfooree, you quote the muhath-thib, the one who changed the book (al-Mubaarakfooree in this case), not the author of the original book he altered.  This is also the best approach when quoting from a mukhtasir (summarized version), as well.

5) Some scholars, like as-Suyootee, mentioned that Jaabir's report was specific to verses about inheritance, meaning that the verse of al-kalaalah was the last verse revealed regarding inheritence laws, not in general.  This is possibly indicated in the context of his story.  And Allaah knows best.

May Allaah bless you.

Moosaa ibn John Richardson

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