|Moosaa||-- 04-30-2005 @ 8:42 PM|
[sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam]
Jazaakum Allaahu khayran for clarifying the narration you were referring to. It was collected by al-Haakim in his Mustadrak (2/615), and others, by way of "Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam". Here is the exact wording:
لما اقترف آدم الخطيئة قال يا رب أسألك بحق محمد لما غفرت لي فقال الله يا آدم وكيف عرفت محمدا ولم أخلقه قال يا رب لأنك لما خلقتني بيدك ونفخت في من روحك رفعت رأسي فرأيت على قوائم العرش مكتوبا لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله فعلمت أنك لم تضف إلى اسمك إلا أحب الخلق إليك فقال الله صدقت يا آدم إنه لأحب الخلق إلي ادعني بحقه فقد غفرت لك ولولا محمد ما خلقتك
"When Aadam had made his mistake, he said: O my Lord! I ask you by the right/status of Muhammad that you forgive me. He (Allaah) said: "And how did you come to know Muhammad?" He said: When you had created me with your Hand and blown into me from your Rooh, I raised my head and saw that it was written on the bases of the throne: Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, Muhammadur-Rasool Allaah. So I knew that you would not place a name along with yours unless that was (the name of) your most beloved creation. He (Allaah) said: "You have spoken truthfully, O Aadam, and had it not been for Muhammad, I would not have created you."
Al-Haakim mistakenly called the hadeeth: saheeh! And this mistake has been the source of rebuttal ever since the book reached the people.
You may know that ath-Thahabee did a checking of al-Mustadrak, and he commented on al-Haakim's remarks about the narrations. About this narration specifically, and what al-Haakim said that it is saheeh, he said:
"RATHER IT IS FABRICATED (MAWDHOO'), 'Abdur-Rahmaan is WAAH (grossly erroneous)!"
Even al-Haakim himself had spoken against this narrator, despite his error here. He said about this narrattor: "He has narrated fabricated narrations by way of his father, and this is not hidden from anyone who knows this trade (Hadeeth) and ponders over it..." (al-Haakim's Madkhal 1/154)
Ibn Taymiyyah stated: 'Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam is dha'eef (weak) by way of scholarly agreement, he erred often." He then went on to list the scholars who declared him weak and/or abandoned him. (Qaa'idah Jaleelah, p182, al-Furqaan)
And about al-Haakim's error, Ibn Taymiyyah said: "This is something that the imaams of Hadeeth Sciences have rejected from him, and they have said: Verily al-Haakim declares some narrations to be saheeh, while they are fabricated lies, known to the people of knowledge of Hadeeth..." (qaa'idah jaleelah, p.183)
However you will find the people of desires, refuting the entire ummah of scholars to defend al-Haakim's mistake here, and this is one of the ways that ahlul-bid'ah are known: They base their positions on weak and fabricated narrations. This is just one clear example...
Here are some points to consider as well, regarding the meaning of the fabricated text, since fabricated narrations have signs within the text that they are indeed not from the speech of the messenger (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam):
1 - "I ask you BY THE RIGHT/STATUS of Muhammad" The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) taught us the ways to ask Allaah, and he did not teach us to ask in this manner.
2 - "had it not been for Muhammad, I would not have created you" Rather, Allaah had created Aadam, and all of his decendants, to worship Him as He has made clear in Soorah ath-Thaariyaat, what means: "And I have not created the jinn nor mankind but to worship Me."
This fabricated text would imply that Allaah created Aadam for the sake of Muhammad (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam), and whatever could be understood from that.
And Allaah knows best.
Please pass this reply on, along with an encouragement to call on Allaah by the three ways mentioned in my previous reply to anyone you feel may benefit, especially those who mentioned that narration to you in the first place, may Allaah bless you and grant you success.
And please refer to these beneficial words from our scholars for further benefit on the topic of avoiding abbreviations when sending salaah and salaam on the messenger (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam):
http://www.bakkah.net/articles/(sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).htm
Moosaa ibn John Richardson
سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك
أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت
أستغفرك وأتوب إليك