|Moosaa||-- 07-10-2002 @ 12:00 AM|
What is your advice to someone who has stopped praying the Sunnah prayers in the daytime and does not pray anything at night?
ANSWER by Shaykh Muhammad 'Umar Baazmool, instructor at Umm Al-Quraa University in Makkah
There is nothing more outstanding as advice than the hadeeth of the Messenger (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam), when he said:
"The very first thing a servant will be asked about on the Day of Judgement is the prayer. If it is found to be deficient, then it will be said, 'Doesn't he have any optional prayers?' If it is found that he has optional prayers, then they will fill the void, and thus his prayers will be accepted, and the rest of his deeds will also be accepted." 
And the Messenger (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) was asked about a dream that Ibn Umar had, so he (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) said:
"What a good man 'Abdullaah ibn Umar is, so long as he prays at night." 
So then consistently praying the optional prayers, the most important of them being the Witr prayer and the (12) Sunnahs throughout the day and night, is from the most important of all affairs to the Muslim. This is because you, O Muslim, by way of them, compensate for the lapses found in your obligatory prayers.
And the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) clarified in a hadeeth that a man may pray but he may only be credited with half of it, another may pray but only be credited with one third of it, and another may pray but only be credited with one fourth of it... 
The meaning is that it often occurs that the people have shortcomings in their prayers, while it is obligatory to offer them, completing them perfectly. So have you actually offered all of your prayers completely and perfectly according to the Sharee'ah?
So then you must take care to consistently offer optional prayers, you must take care to consistently offer the Witr prayer, you must take care to offer the other optional prayers consistently. It has been related that Imaam Ahmad said about the one who does not consistently pray the Witr prayer, "He is an evil man, his witness is not to be accepted."
So how could a Muslim who has no work keeping him from his worship become lazy and then abandon these (optional) prayers. No doubt, he has caused himself to lose a great amount of good, and to miss an opportunity to obtain tremendous virtues, while being free to do them and try to keep consistency in offering them.
I ask Allaah to excuse us and him, and to be gracious.
There is a hadeeth of the Messenger (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam):
"May Allaah have Mercy on the one who offers four (rak'ahs) before 'Asr prayer." 
When you do not pray this prayer, four rak'ahs before the 'Asr prayer, you have prevented your own self from being included in those whom the Messenger (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) supplicated for, those who pray this prayer.
The Messenger (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) said:
"Whoever consistanly prays twelve rak'ahs throughout the day and night, a palace will be built for him in Paradise." 
When you abandon the rawaatib prayers, and you do not pray these twelve rak'ahs, you have deprived your own self from this virtue.
Most of the optional prayers have great virtues attached to them, described by the Messenger (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam). So then, O Muslim, how can you lose out, how can you not be concerned about it?
And Allaah knows best.
 Collected by At-Tirmithee, Aboo Daawood, An-Nasaa'ee, and others, see Saheeh Al-Jaami'is-Sagheer wa Ziyaadah #2020.
 Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree #1122 (3/10 of Fat-hul-Baaree)
 see Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood #796
 Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood #1270
 Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood #1250
This was translated exclusively for www.bakkah.net from a cassette recording with the knowledge and permission of the shaykh, file no. AAMB015, dated 1423/6/25.
سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك
أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت
أستغفرك وأتوب إليك
|ummtawaam||-- 10-10-2002 @ 12:00 AM|
As Salaamu alaikum wa Rahmatullaah
Yaa Akh Moosa, jazaakallaahu kulli khayr for the post! And may Allaah reward the shaikh for every good and preserve him, ameen.
I am one who had fallen off from offering the nawaafil due to business of the household and children and laziness! May duaa for me, please. I have a question about the the hadeeth:"May Allaah have Mercy on the one who offers four (rak'ahs) before 'Asr prayer." 
I had heard that there were no nawaafil for salaatul 'Asr specifically, unless for some reason you were unable to offer nawaafil before Thuhr. Does the hadeeth refer to nawaafil specific to 'Asr?
|Moosaa||-- 10-10-2002 @ 12:00 AM|
wa 'alaykumus-salaamu wa rahmatullaah
Obviously, from the hadeeth mentioned ("May Allaah have Mercy...") there are nawaafil for Salaat Al-'Asr!
On top of that, the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) used to pray four rak'ahs before 'Asr, with two "tasleems". Thats from a hadeeth in At-Tirmithee (#429) and the Imaam and Qudwah Al-Albaanee authenticated it in the Silsilah #237.
I believe you may have misunderstood the issue of nawaafil vs. rawaatib though.
Nawaafil (sing. naafilah) prayers are anything beyond the fardh (obligatory), also called tatawwu'.
Rawaatib (sing. raatibah) prayers are a specific group of nawaafil that are very emphasized since the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) rarely left them off, and verbally encouraged them so much.
So many people say, "There are no rawaatib or nawaafil prayers for 'Asr," which goes against the first hadeeth referred to. Obviously there are nawaafil associated with 'Asr, but are they also considered rawaatib?
The shaykh Muhammad 'Umar Baazmool deals with this issue in his book, Bughyatul-Mutatawwi', and he concludes: "The rawaatib of 'Asr are from the rawaatib sunnahs that have authentic targheeb (invitations) to doing them from the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaah 'alayhe wa sallam), as he himself also prayed them, so then performing them regularly is from the recommended affairs."
In a footnote, he qualifies his position, naming some of the scholars that hold this position, from them: Aboo Al-Khattaab Al-Kaloothaanee (Al-Mughnee 2/125), Abul-Barakaat ibn Taymiyyah from the hanaabilah and Ash-Sheeraazee from the Shaafi'ees, and An-Nawawee followed him in this. (Bughyah p.36) You might notice this from his chapter title in Riyaadh As-Saaliheen "The Sunnahs of 'Asr".
Additional benefit: The four rak'ahs are to be prayed with two tashah-huds and one tasleem (like 'Asr itself), as one finds when combining all the narrations, and Allaah knows best. (see Bughyah p.37-38)
سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك
أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت
أستغفرك وأتوب إليك