Topic: QUESTION: Is there any specific proof found in the Qur'aan for wiping over the socks (for wudhoo')?

Moosaa    -- 10-30-2005 @ 3:54 PM
  as-salaamu 'alaykum

Is there any specific proof found in the Qur'aan for the legislated nature of wiping over footwear (as part of wudhoo')?

I mean: There is.  Who knows it?

May Allaah bless the one who responds with the correct answer and all those who read and benefit.

Moosaa ibn John Richardson

سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك
أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت
أستغفرك وأتوب إليك

irshadmuhammed    -- 10-31-2005 @ 6:31 AM
'and your Lord is not forgetful.' [Surah Maryam: 64]

Moosaa    -- 10-31-2005 @ 6:17 PM
  Irshad -

Baarak Allaahu feek!

A little more specific than that in shaa' Allaah...

Moosaa ibn John Richardson

سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك
أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت
أستغفرك وأتوب إليك

AbumusaAbdulkareem    -- 11-01-2005 @ 12:33 AM
  as-salaamu 'alaykum

Is it Surah 5 ayah 6?  Where in one qira'aat the word "arjulikum" is used which means means to wipe over as opposed to other qira'aat which use the word "arjulakum" which is to wash the feet?

wa alaykum assalaam.

umm.amatullaah    -- 11-01-2005 @ 8:41 AM

Is it Suratul Maaidah ayat 6? Allaah Subhaanah wa ta'ala says  (translated meaning) "O you who believe! When you intend to offer asSalaat, wash your faces and your hands up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to the ankles..."

This ayat was quoted by Shk Muhammad Saleh alUthaymeen rahimahullaah, using it as an evidence from the Book of Allaah for wiping the khuff. He mentioned about the recital of this verse, the part- "and your feet". That there were 2 ways of reciting this, from the Several ways of recitation. Something about a connection to the face (so they would be washed) and also making it as a connection to the head (so they would be wiped).

Could someone please highlight this better than myself as I am not finding this easy to explain?! BarakAllaahu feek!

Yusef.Magribi    -- 11-01-2005 @ 12:35 PM
  Bismillahi Rahman raheem

Uthaymeen mentions this in his treatise al mash alal khufayn and also in sharhul mumti' in the first volume.

Basically there are two recitations for the word arjulakum (your feet).

1 were it is mansoob therefore Arjulakum, and the second where its majroor so arjulikum.

If it is mansoob as most of us will read it, then it is ma?toof (attached) to wajoohakum (your faces)  and adeeyakum (your hands) as opposed to what comes immediately before it, raooisikum (your heads) which is majroor with the ba.  They are all mansoob because they are maf?oolun bihi (subjects).

So in the verse you have the order (fagshil) so wash and the fai?l / doer (us) indicated by the wa?u jam?at in (faghsil -oo) and then the subjects. What are the subjects of this washing?. They are all the attached words that are mansoob, which in the first recitation includes your faces, hands and feet, because arjalukm is mansoob with the fatha on the laam. Therefore the meaning of the verse is wash your faces, hands and wipe your head and wash your feet.

However there is second reading where arjulikum is majroor. If the word is majrro that it has a different meaning because it is now ma?toof attached to raoiskum, we this know because it has followed raoiskum in its grammatical ruling. So instead of our feet being the subject of the verb wash, they become the subject of verb wipe, like our heads. So is like we have two sentences.

i)     Wash yours faces and your hands.  
ii)      Wipe you?re your heads and your feet

Uthaymeen in sharhul mumti3 mentions that there could be three reasons for this second recitation:

1.     Majawarah: and basically what is intended here is the habit of the arabs to give words which are neighbours, the same pronunciation (lafdh) even if it they do not have the same ruling (hukm, and he means grammar ruling).
2.     Out of Allah?s mercy he mentioned this second recitation to counter the habit of mankind to excessively wash that which is affected or touches dirt. Since it may happen that because peoples feet touch the ground they will go to extremes in washing (and im sure some of us would have seem them, they wash their feet so much that the one watching will thing they have no intellect left, and feel sorry for them as Sideeq Hasan Khan mentions or something similar to it in rawdattun nadiyyah.) The habit is countered by Allah essentially telling us to make this washing like a wiping, ie don?t go to extremes.
3.     The final possible reason is that your feet will either be in one of two conditions:
i)     Covered
ii)     Uncovered

Therefore Allah out of His infinite wisdom mentioned two recitation with two different meanings to cover the different situations. So the first recitation where it is mansoob, lets us know that when you feet are uncovered wash them.
And the second recitation lets us know that if your feet are covered wipe them.

Then Uthaymeen goes on to say this is the correct saying since it is accordance with the sunnah which explains the Quraan.

I hope it benefits (and more important hope its correct), I wrote this up yesterday but lost it upon posting and I haven?t got the references now, if anyone feels then need when I get the opportunity I?ll give the exact references.


(Narrated From Awn Ibn Abdullah who said: "I said to Umar ibn Abdul Azeez it is stated:

"If you are able, be a scholar and if you cannot be a scholar then be a student of knowledge and if you cannot be a student then love the students, and if you cann

Moosaa    -- 11-01-2005 @ 4:12 PM
  wa 'alaykumus-salaamu wa rahmatullaah . . .

May Allaah bless you both - you have answered correctly!

To explain the difference in the two recitations of the same aayah (that means):

"O you who believe!  When you stand for prayer, then wash your faces and your hands up to the elbows, and wipe over your heads, and (...) your feet to the ankles..." (al-Maa'idah:6)

Linguistically, "and (...) your feet..." could mean "and (wipe over) your feet,"(*) or it could also mean, "and (wash) your feet", depending on how the word in this place is read in Arabic.

[1]  If it is read: "wa arjulikum" then it is majroor and thus is adjoined to "wamsahoo biru'oosikum..." and means: "and (wipe over) your feet".(*)  This is the recitition of most of the imaams.

(*) Meaning: And wipe over your feet when you are wearing footwear, as explained by the Sunnah.

[2]  And if it is read: "wa arjulakum" then it is mansoob and thus adjoined to what is mentioned first in the aayah: "faghsiloo wujoohakum..." and means: "and (wash) your feet".  This is the recitition of:  Naafi', Ibn 'Aamir, Hafs, and others.

When mentioning this difference between the two recitations, Ibn al-Jazaree [d.833] said, "They have both been clarified by the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam), he made the (recitation mentioning) the wiping for the one wearing footwear, and the (recitation mentioning) the washing for everyone else." [an-Nashr fil-Qiraa'aat al-'Ashar 1/34-35, Daar as-Sahaabah](*)

This is one of the things that shows how beautiful and rich in meaning Allaah's Book is, that one aayah can carry more than one distinct, intended meaning, each having an important impact in our lives!

And if you don't know the difference between majroor and mansoob, and thus missed the whole point about the difference between the two receitations, then let this be an encouragement for you to put more effort into learning Arabic, as it will allow you to understand Allaah's Speech and how you are to implement it.  May Allaah grant you success.

And Allaah knows best.

(*) This might be a good book for anyone who wants to find the answer to a question in another similar thread...

Moosaa ibn John Richardson

سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك
أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت
أستغفرك وأتوب إليك

This message was edited by Moosaa on 11-3-05 @ 4:42 AM

Moosaa    -- 11-02-2005 @ 1:15 AM
  Baarak Allaahu feekum akhee Yusef!

I had not seen your reply when I posted my last post.  May Allaah reward you well for your explanation.

I would like to add that a number of scholars (not all of them!) have mentioned this specific understanding, that this aayah, with the majroor recitation "wa arjulikum" "and (wipe over) your feet", refers to the one who is wearing footwear (khuffs)... from the scholars of tafseer:

Ibn Katheer
Ibn al-'Arabee al-Maalikee

Other scholars also mentioned and/or held this position:

al-Jazaree (as mentioned)
Ibn Rushd
Ibn Taymiyyah
Ibn 'Uthaymeen

Others explained the aayah with its two different recitations in other ways, like:

[1] You do "mas-h" (wiping) over the bare feet sometimes, and ghusl other times (incorrect based upon the Sunnah);

[2] You do "mas-h" over the bare feet, but the "mas-h" means the same as ghusl (washing) actually;

[3] You do "mas-h" over the bare feet, but the "mas-h" means a light ghusl ("ghusl khafeef"), which still includes washing the entire foot;

[4] The two recitations really carry the same meaning (that the feet are to be washed in all cases) and "arjulikm" is only made majroor because of a style called "al-jiwaar" as al-akh Yusef mentioned, jazaahullaahu khayran.

As for what has preceded, the position that the two recitations establish two different meanings, one for the one with bare feet, that he washes, and the other for the one wearing footwear that he wipes over it, is a clean way to understand the two, a way in accordance with the Sunnah.

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, ascribed this position to Imaam ash-Shaafi'ee, and then said, "And Abul-'Abbaas (himself) is inclined towards it as well... that the aayah when read with nasb ("arjulakum") is about washing the feet, and when read with khafdh ("arjulikum") is about wiping over the footwear, and thus the two recitations are like two (different) aayats." [al-Akhbaar al-'Ilmiyyah min Alikhtiyaaraat al-Fiqhiyyah, p.23]

al-'Allaamah Ibn 'Uthaymeen stated, "Wiping over the footwear is permissible based on the Book, the Sunnah, and Concensus.  As for the Book, then it is His Statment, "Then wipe over your heads and your feet to the ankles," when read with jarr ("arjulikum")." [ash-sharh al-mumti' 1/223]

al-'Allaamah al-Albaanee said, "According to the recitation of khafdh ("arjulikum"), it is explained by the Sunnah, and the meaning is: wiping over the footwear. [Ath-Thamar al-Mustataab, 1/13]

And Allaah knows best.

Moosaa ibn John Richardson

سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك
أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت
أستغفرك وأتوب إليك

Moosaa    -- 05-17-2006 @ 7:07 AM

This thread was referred to in the translation of Dr. Ahmad Baazmool's class on Manhaj as-Saalikeen, when the shaykh mentioned this benefit from the aayah, in the section on "Wiping Over the Footwear".  It was the most recent class.

Moosaa ibn John Richardson

سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك
أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت
أستغفرك وأتوب إليك

abdulilah    -- 05-19-2006 @ 3:12 AM
  assalamu 'alaikum

jazakum Allaahu Khairan here is a funny one to add to the discussion:

Sheikh Ubayd ib Abdillah al-Jaabiree in his explanation to LULU WAL MARJAN kitaab Tahara, he mentions that the Raafidah actually use that verse to negate wiping over the socks as they read it with the kasra arjolikum following on from wiping over the heads (bi-ro'oosikum) so from their foolishnesh is they take off the socks and wipe over  the feet!!! so neither did they follow the Quran nor the Sunnah in their baatil (baseless) explanation.

قال تعالى:{إنا نحن نزلنا الذكر وإنا له لحافظون}
قال الشيخ السعدي - رحمه الله - في تفسيره (3/31): " فلا يحرف محرف معنى من معانيه( القرآن ) إلا وقيض  الله له من يبين الحق المبين وهذا من أعظم آيات الله ونعمه على عباده المؤمنين".

Moosaa    -- 11-20-2009 @ 6:41 PM
  Imaam al-Qurtubee said in his Tafseer (7/345 of the Risaalah printing):
"...It has been said that the recitation of "wa arjulikum" refers specifically to wiping over them (the feet), but that is only when they are covered by socks.  We take this specification from the Messenger of Allaah (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace), since it has not been authentically reported that he ever wiped over his feet without wearing socks.  Thus, he showed by his example when the foot is to be washed and when it is to be wiped over.  This is (a) good (understanding)..."

Moosaa ibn John Richardson

‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎
‎‎‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎

SalafiTalk.Net :